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Kern, Justin L.; McBride, Brent A.; Laxman, Daniel J.; Dyer, W. Justin; Santos, Rosa M.; Jeans, Laurie M. – Grantee Submission, 2016
Measurement invariance (MI) is a property of measurement that is often implicitly assumed, but in many cases, not tested. When the assumption of MI is tested, it generally involves determining if the measurement holds longitudinally or cross-culturally. A growing literature shows that other groupings can, and should, be considered as well.…
Descriptors: Psychology, Measurement, Error of Measurement, Measurement Objectives
Hanushek, Eric A.; Rivkin, Steven G. – Education Working Paper Archive, 2007
Substantial uncertainty exists about the impact of school quality on the black-white achievement gap. Our results, based on both Texas Schools Project (TSP) administrative data and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey (ECLS), differ noticeably from other recent analyses of the black-white achievement gap by providing strong evidence that…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Academic Achievement, Racial Differences, African American Students