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Brown, M. Christopher, II; Davis, James Earl – Peabody Journal of Education, 2001
Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) enjoy a unique social contract in the national history, acting as social agencies for society by providing equal educational opportunity and attainment for all students. This social contract brokered between the nation and African Americans is realized through social capital or distribution and…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Black Colleges, Black Students, Educational History
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Lee, Jaekyung – Peabody Journal of Education, 2004
This article provides a critical look into national trends of the achievement gaps between Whites and Blacks and between Whites and Hispanics over the last 3 decades based on the National Assessment of Educational Progress mathematics assessments. It examines multiple facets of inequity underlying the racial and ethnic achievement gaps from 3…
Descriptors: Minority Groups, Equal Education, Whites, School Desegregation
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Washington, Valora – Peabody Journal of Education, 1982
A research project surveyed teachers to determine: (1) their attitudes toward multiethnic or integrated schooling; (2) their access to multicultural materials and methods; and (3) their degree of utilization of multicultural materials and methods. Results indicate that most teachers are committed to equal treatment and opportunity for each…
Descriptors: Classroom Desegregation, Cultural Pluralism, Educational Change, Educational Practices
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Bolick, Clint – Peabody Journal of Education, 2008
Although school choice proponents have generally been on the offensive in legislative arenas over the past 2 decades, they have played almost constant defense in the judiciary, seeking to prevent courts from undoing school choice programs. Opponents typically wield state constitutional provisions against school choice programs. Properly construed,…
Descriptors: School Choice, Courts, Disadvantaged Youth, Court Litigation
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Hendrickson, Robert M. – Peabody Journal of Education, 2001
Addresses the role of affirmative action in promoting educational equity and access, presenting affirmative action case law and offering legal grounds for continued promotion of educational opportunity and diversity. The article discusses strict scrutiny, compelling state interest, and merit, explaining how and when race should be used in…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Affirmative Action, Equal Education, Higher Education
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Moody, Charles D., Sr. – Peabody Journal of Education, 1988
Discusses strategies to improve minority faculty representation in research universities, describing the University of Michigan's Six-Point Plan. Efforts begin in elementary schools; institutions of higher education are obligated to improve elementary education for minority students. A four-dimensional model for assessing institutional…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Affirmative Action, Civil Rights, Elementary Education
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Collins, Ronald W.; Johnson, Judith A. – Peabody Journal of Education, 1988
Eastern Michigan University's provost presents a perspective on how the institution successfully increased its number of minority faculty members. The article describes ways to retain minority faculty members once they are hired, noting the importance of total public support of opinion leaders and policymakers. (SM)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Civil Rights, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Faculty Recruitment
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Justiz, Manuel J.; Kameen, Marilyn C. – Peabody Journal of Education, 1988
Discusses the impact of demographic trends in the United States and state-mandated teacher certification practices on the minority teacher population in elementary and secondary schools. Lists six elements which should be included in a comprehensive teacher certification process aimed at assisting minority teacher candidates in becoming certified.…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Civil Rights, Cultural Influences, Demography