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California State Postsecondary Education Commission, Sacramento. – 1977
As the public segments of postsecondary education begin a second decade of efforts to achieve equal educational opportunity in California, plans are announced in this report to expand opportunities for ethnic minorities, women, and low-income students. The commission stresses the need for intersegmental cooperation in working toward this goal.…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Affirmative Action, Educational Demand, Educational Opportunities
Sindler, Allan P. – 1978
The public policy and legal issues surrounding preferential admissions of minorities in higher education and the politics and human drama of the controversy are reviewed and analyzed in this book. Focus is on the court cases of Marco DeFunis against the University of Washington law school and Allan Bakke against the University of California…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Access to Education, Admission Criteria, College Admission
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Norton, Eleanor Holmes – Journal of Intergroup Relations, 1978
The Bakke decision, the President's civil rights reorganization, and the changes in the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and at state and local civil rights agencies demand a greater professionalism in civil rights enforcement nationally. (Author/WI)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Civil Rights, Court Litigation, Employed Women
Supreme Court of the U. S., Washington, DC. – 1977
The Regents of the University of California present the following as part of their argument with regard to the Supreme Court case concerning minority group admissions policies at the Davis medical school: Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 leaves State universities receiving Federal funds free to provide more nearly equal educational…
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Affirmative Action, Civil Rights, Court Litigation
Association of Mexican-American Educators, Inc., Redwood City, CA. – 1978
Officially incorporated in 1965 to advocate for equal opportunity for all, especially students of Hispanic ancestry, and greater opportunities for Hispanic professionals at all levels of the teaching field, the Association of Mexican American Educators, Inc., held its 13th annual conference October 26-28, 1978. The five position papers included in…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Bilingual Education, Civil Rights, Court Litigation
Saiki, Patricia – 1978
Introductory comments for a seminar on the Bakke decision and implications for the issue of equity of access are presented. It is suggested that before the Bakke case public support for affirmative action admissions programs was diminishing; and that if affirmative action had continued as it was being operated, its negative effects may have been…
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Affirmative Action, College Admission, Court Litigation
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Greenawalt, Kent – Equal Opportunity Review, 1979
This paper deals with the application of the dissenting opinions of the Supreme Court justices in the Allan Bakke case to a range of admission and hiring practices in which universities have engaged, or might engage. The issues posed in the Bakke case, the basic positions in each of the justices' opinions, and the interrelationship between the…
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, College Admission, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Opportunities
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Prager, Jeffrey – 1978
To understand the parameters of the debate over affirmative action is to better comprehend important conflicts within the American national ideology. The dispute over affirmative action has been the vehicle for a discourse about fundamental social understandings. One central aspect of this debate has been over the meaning of the concept of…
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Affirmative Action, Black Power, College Admission
Van Alstyne, Arvo – 1978
Issues pertaining to the Bakke case and to college admissions in general are considered. Three major viewpoints concerning admissions are as follows: whether reserving a fixed number of seats in the entering class for designated minority candidates to programs that are federally supported violates Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; whether…
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Affirmative Action, Blacks, College Admission
Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ. – 1978
At the 1977 Educational Testing Service (ETS) Invitational Conference, the ETS Measurement Award was presented to Anne Anastasi. In view of the convergence of measurement and the law, the conference focused on six related issues. Barbara Lerner explored the screening procedures of American professional and graduate schools in "Equal…
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Awards, Cheating, College Admission
United States Supreme Court, Washington, DC. – 2003
This legal document presents the decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in the affirmative action case brought against the University of Michigan's Law School. On June 23, 2003, the Court held in Grutter v. Bollinger et al. that diversity is a compelling interest in higher education and that race is one of a number of factors that can be taken into…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Admission Criteria, Affirmative Action, Civil Rights
Hendrikson, Leslie – 1983
Following the desegregationists' victory in "Brown v. Board of Education" in 1954, there came a succession of gains for desegregation, until a new phenomenon developed in "Bakke v. Regents of University of California" in 1973. Since Bakke's grades and test scores were higher than those of some minority applicants admitted to…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Court Litigation, Equal Education, Higher Education
Rosser, James M. – 1978
Factors contributing to the underrepresentation of minority groups in higher education and professional schools are discussed, along with suggestions for state postsecondary education agencies and for state legislative and executive branches in light of the Bakke decision. A 1977 Educational Testing Service study concluded that if admissions…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Admission Criteria, Affirmative Action, College Admission
Newell, Barbara W. – 1978
The impact of college admissions policies designed to expand educational opportunity for minority groups is considered. It is suggested that since the Supreme Court decision in the Bakke Case permitted race as a criteria for admission, institutions must articulate their goals in terms of the degree and nature of diversity they hope to achieve.…
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Affirmative Action, College Admission, College Role
Holzer, Harry J.; Neumark, David – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2006
In this paper we review the research evidence on the effects of affirmative action in employment, university admissions, and government procurement. We consider effects on both "equity" (or distribution) as well as "efficiency." Overall, we find that affirmative action does redistribute jobs, university admissions, and…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Employment, College Admission, Contracts
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