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Baker, Bruce; Levin, Jesse – American Institutes for Research, 2014
Pennsylvania has historically operated one of the nation's least equitable state school finance systems, and within that system exist some of the nation's most fiscally disadvantaged public school districts. The persistent inequalities of Pennsylvania's school finance system are not entirely a result of simple lack of effort, as policies intended…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Public Schools, Disadvantaged Schools, School Districts
Ogletree, Charles J., Jr., Ed.; Robinson, Kimberly Jenkins, Ed. – Harvard Education Press, 2015
In this ambitious volume, leading legal and educational scholars examine "San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez" (1973), the landmark US Supreme Court decision that held that the Constitution does not guarantee equality of educational opportunity. Charles J. Ogletree, Jr., and Kimberly Jenkins Robinson have brought…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Opportunities, Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Status
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Cheng, Hercy N. H.; Wu, Winston M. C.; Liao, Calvin C. Y.; Chan, Tak-Wai – Computers & Education, 2009
Competition, despite its potential drawbacks, is an easily adopted and frequently used motivator in classrooms. Individual abilities, in the years of schooling, are inevitably different, and performance in competition is heavily ability dependent, resulting that more-able students always win while less-able students always lose. Students easily…
Descriptors: Competition, Student Motivation, Ability Grouping, Barriers
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Geppert, Corinna; Bauer-Hofmann, Sonja; Hopmann, Stefan Thomas – Center for Educational Policy Studies Journal, 2012
The main focus of the present paper is to answer two different questions: From the perspective of Austrian education policy, which core areas of schooling are linked to the demand for equal opportunity? Can these reform efforts sustain the current state of research, and what are the consequences for schooling? The paper draws on an analysis by…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Educational Change, Equal Education
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Superfine, Benjamin Michael – Review of Educational Research, 2010
Judicial decisions focusing on equal educational opportunity involve significant issues of educational governance and often involve explicit questions about the extent to which authority to make educational decisions should be centralized or decentralized across various institutions and entities. This review aims at clarifying scholars'…
Descriptors: Equal Education, School Desegregation, School Choice, Courts
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Strathdee, Rob; Cooper, Grant – Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 2017
Reform of vocational education and training policy (VET) in New Zealand has been underpinned by the view that VET can contribute more to equal opportunity by creating more meaningful and rewarding pathways into employment, and by neutralising the influence of background factors on achievement. While the reforms have succeeded in some respects,…
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Vocational Education, Technical Education, Career Education
Stevens, Katharine B.; McShane, Michael Q.; Kelly, Andrew P.; Hess, Frederick M. – American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 2015
Above all else, the American creed is one of liberty and opportunity. In the 21st century, whether the topic is economic opportunity, responsible citizenship, or political engagement, the role of education is more significant than ever before. That means political and civic leaders committed to a vision of opportunity--and especially to equal…
Descriptors: Agenda Setting, Educational Planning, Educational Policy, Educational Change
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Byker, Erik Jon – Policy Futures in Education, 2015
Although controversial, perhaps no piece of legislation has the potential to transform India's future more than the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act (RTE). Upon the passage and enforcement of RTE in 2009, the Indian government instituted a series of wide-ranging reforms to India's education system. For example, the act…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Community Schools, Case Studies, Educational Change
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Yamada, Naomi C. F. – Learning and Teaching: The International Journal of Higher Education in the Social Sciences, 2015
In both China and in the United States, policies of "positive discrimination" were originally intended to lessen educational and economic inequalities, and to provide equal opportunities. As with affirmative action in the American context, China's "preferential policies" are broad-reaching, but are best known for taking ethnic…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Neoliberalism, Educational Change, Foreign Countries
Wilson, Vernon – Education Canada, 2013
A conversation with a John Howard Society volunteer prompts the author to reflect on how to improve educational opportunities for his incarcerated Aboriginal peers. He relates his personal experience of completing an undergraduate degree while in prison, highlighting the ways in which the prison environment has shaped his learning process. After…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Social Justice, Foreign Countries, Educational Change
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Brown Henderson, Cheryl; Brown, Steven M. – Journal of School Choice, 2016
This article illustrates the historic relationship between the "Brown v. Board of Education" decision and the school choice movement. It will discuss the immediate push back to Brown particularly from Southern states that were resistant to desegregating public schools; a move that would provide African-American parents with educational…
Descriptors: School Choice, Educational Change, Court Litigation, Resistance to Change
Noguera, Pedro; Darling-Hammond, Linda; Friedlaender, Diane – Jobs For the Future, 2015
Out of concern that the nation's schools--particularly those working with traditionally underserved populations--are not adequately preparing all students to succeed in college and careers, education policymakers have launched a series of major reform efforts in recent years. To help students meet the new standards, schools will need to provide…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Low Income Students, Educational Quality, Educational Change
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Muscará, Francisco – Journal of New Approaches in Educational Research, 2013
The objective of this article is to describe the most significant changes which are being carried out in Latin-American educational systems, taking Argentina as a point of reference. To that end, this comparative study tackles the following essential aspects: the principle of equal opportunities and social cohesion; decentralisation of educational…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Educational Change
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Lopez, Ann E. – Multicultural Education Review, 2015
Demographic shift and increasing diversity in the student population demand urgency and attention from educational leaders. Those who argue for greater attention to equity and diversity suggest that all students regardless of their gender, social class, ethnic or racial characteristics must have equal opportunities to learn and be engaged. These…
Descriptors: Student Diversity, Equal Education, Educational Opportunities, Foreign Countries
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Erixon Arreman, Inger; Dovemark, Marianne – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Under a recent national curriculum reform in Sweden within a highly decentralised, competitive, and marketised education system, access to post-16 education is restricted. In this study, we map and analyse the early onset of new preparatory programmes. We draw on interviews with local politicians and school staff in six different municipalities,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Social Justice, Interviews, School Statistics
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