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Showing 1 to 15 of 49 results Save | Export
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McPherson, Ezella – Education and Urban Society, 2010
The U.S. District of Columbia's Federal Circuit Court decision in "Hobson v. Hanson" (1967) case eliminated racial discriminatory tracking practices in the nation's capitol's public schools. The court ruled that D.C. Public Schools' tracking violated African American and low income students' rights to equal opportunities to education…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Public Schools, Equal Education, Court Litigation
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Chilton, Bradley; Chwialkowski, Paul – Education and Urban Society, 2014
Is the U.S. Supreme Court inviting litigants to take aim at unraveling injunctions in institutional reform litigation--especially consent decrees in the schools? In "Horne v. Flores" (2009), the court remanded a 17-year-old school reform case to a federal judge with orders to look beyond consent decrees on financing, reducing class…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Educational Change, Immersion Programs, Bilingual Education
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Pitre, Paul E. – Education and Urban Society, 2009
This article examines the "Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle Public School District No. 1" decision in light of its impact on the "Brown" ruling that preceded it. The Supreme Court's 5-4 vote on the matter of desegregation and equal access to educational opportunity signals that a divide exists in the United…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Community Schools, Affirmative Action, School Districts
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Mawdsley, Ralph D. – Education and Urban Society, 2004
In May 1954, the Supreme Court handed down its unanimous 9-0 opinion in "Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas" ("Brown I," 1954). In holding that de jure segregation in public schools based on race violated the Equal Protection Clause, the Court prepared American society for a larger concept, namely that children in…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Racial Segregation, Public Schools, Equal Protection
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Levin, Henry M. – Education and Urban Society, 1973
Addresses the distribution and composition of educational investment among social classes, discussing topics related to equality of educational opportunity, and detailing a plan for financing equal educational opportunity. (JM)
Descriptors: Compensatory Education, Educational Economics, Educational Finance, Educational Planning
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Contreras, A. Reynaldo – Education and Urban Society, 1988
Discusses the tension between educational reform movements that focus on school effectiveness and earlier reform movements that emphasized equal opportunities for the disadvantaged. Argues that the two movements are complementary, not mutually exclusive. (FMW)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Quality, Educational Trends, Educationally Disadvantaged
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Valverde, Leonard A. – Education and Urban Society, 2004
This article proposes that four major educational developments resulted from the Supreme Court's decision in "Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka": Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I and Title VII, school finance, affirmative action, and multicultural education. Each of these major efforts was targeted to overcome discriminatory…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Finance, Desegregation Litigation, School Desegregation
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Phillips, A. Craig – Education and Urban Society, 1983
federal involvement in education is necessary because state and local agencies have not provided educational experiences that are adequate to meet the needs of special populations. A rational federal role should address equal opportunity, data collection/dissemination, research, support for improving local practices, human resources training, and…
Descriptors: Educational Discrimination, Educational Research, Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education
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Dunlop, Kathleen H. – Education and Urban Society, 1980
Analyzes rationales for governmental intervention in child care and parent education. Considers response to social trends, enhancement of parental competence and child development, provision of support to families, equal opportunity for women, and community development as areas through which social goals may be achieved by incremental changes. (GC)
Descriptors: Child Care, Child Development, Community Development, Early Childhood Education
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Miretzky, Debra; Chennault, Ronald E.; Fraynd, Donald J. – Education and Urban Society, 2016
Chicago Public Schools and school districts throughout the country are seeking new ways to foster racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic equity as desegregation consent decrees are being lifted. One of Chicago's selective enrollment high schools drafted parents, educators, administrators, and community representatives to address its own diversity…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Equal Education, Urban Education, Outreach Programs
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Berke, Joel S.; And Others – Education and Urban Society, 1972
Analyzes the fiscal implications of equal educational opportunity as they apply to the schools of New York City, by first placing the discussion in a national perspective and then turning to recent court decisions that have invalidated school finance systems as violations of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution. (RJ)
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Educational Administration, Educational Finance, Equal Education
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Stern, David; Timar, Thomas – Education and Urban Society, 1982
Argues that although moderate Federal deregulation of education may be beneficial, there is a risk that more radical forms of deregulation, such as the diversion of tax revenues to nonpublic schools, is likely to diminish social cohesion in general and equal educational opportunity in particular. (Author/GC)
Descriptors: Educational Vouchers, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Federal Regulation
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Valverde, Leonard A. – Education and Urban Society, 1988
Discusses the theme of the special issue, "Excellence and Equity in Education: Models for Success." Emphasizes the need for concern with both educational quality and its prerequisite, equal educational opportunity, and that strategies exist to improve the quality of instruction for minority students. (FMW)
Descriptors: American Indians, Black Students, Educational Change, Educational Improvement
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Cramer, Elizabeth; Little, Mary E.; McHatton, Patricia Alvarez – Education and Urban Society, 2018
In the more than 60 years since the "Brown v. Board of Education" ruling, the United States has been struggling to assure educational equality for all learners. This article will review how attempts at equality such as accountability and standardization movements have failed to close opportunity gaps for vulnerable and marginalized…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Opportunities, Accountability, Special Education
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Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Thachik, Stefani; Bridges, Kimberly – Education and Urban Society, 2017
As cities across the country experience an influx of White and middle- to upper-class residents, new opportunities for the integration of urban schools emerge. Yet crucial challenges persist even when equity and inclusion are a focus for new stakeholders. This article explores the story of a largely White group of parents committed to investing in…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Urban Schools, School Desegregation, Middle Class
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