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Dawson, Walter – Asia Pacific Education Review, 2010
This paper examines private tutoring systems in three East Asian countries (Japan, South Korea, and Cambodia) with the purpose of examining the relationship between those systems and formal education systems. The study of private tutoring systems in each nation can be used to reveal the inadequacies of the formal education system in meeting the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Tutoring, Equal Education, High Stakes Tests
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Mikio, Shiga – Journal of Education for Teaching: International Research and Pedagogy, 2008
In 1997 English became a compulsory subject in Korean elementary schools. The education of English teachers for the elementary level was accelerated. The training curriculum was reformed according to the educational objective to enhance students' oral communication skills in English. Coupled to this change, the introduction of English Teacher…
Descriptors: Teacher Education, Educational Objectives, Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Background
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Kodate, Naonori; Kodate, Kashiko; Kodate, Takako – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
The global community, from UNESCO to NGOs, is committed to promoting the status of women in science, engineering and technology, despite long-held prejudices and the lack of role models. Previously, when equality was not firmly established as a key issue on international or national agendas, women's colleges played a great role in mentoring female…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Mentors, Women Scientists, Foreign Countries
Schutz, Gabriela; West, Martin R.; Wobmann, Ludger – OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2007
School systems aspire to provide equal opportunity for all, irrespective of socio-economic status (SES). Much of the criticism of recent school reforms that introduce accountability, autonomy, and choice emphasizes their potentially negative consequences for equity. This report provides new evidence on how national features of accountability,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Exit Examinations, Foreign Countries, Accountability
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Gordon, June A. – Race, Ethnicity & Education, 2006
The "Burakumin," a culturally defined minority group among ethnic Japanese, face continued discrimination even as effective national policies and programs offering educational and social equity are terminated. Based on interviews and conversations in Japan with activist educators, teachers and administrators, the schooling for children…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Foreign Countries, Minority Groups, Social Discrimination
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Edwards, Linda N. – Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 1988
The author describes the Japanese Equal Employment Opportunity Law of 1985 and assesses its impact on economic opportunities for Japanese women. She argues that two aspects of Japan's socioeconomic environment--the lifetime employment system and the labor supply pattern of Japanese women--diminish its likely impact. (Author/CH)
Descriptors: Adults, Employment Opportunities, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females
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Sinha Mukherjee, Sucharita – Gender and Education, 2015
This paper attempts to explore the connections between expanding female education and the participation of women in paid employment in Japan, China and India, three of Asia's largest economies. Analysis based on existing data and literature shows that despite the large expansion in educational access in these countries in the last half century,…
Descriptors: Womens Education, Females, Cultural Differences, Cross Cultural Studies
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Liu, Ye; Green, Andy; Pensiero, Nicola – Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 2016
This study extends the comparative model of country groups to analyse the cross-national trends in the higher education expansion and opportunities. We use descriptive data on characteristics and outcomes of higher education systems in different countries groups, including the liberal market countries, the social democratic countries, the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Educational Trends, Trend Analysis
Appelbaum, Eileen; Bailey, Thomas; Berg, Peter; Kalleberg, Arne L. – 2002
Until the 1970s, social norms dictated that women provided care for their families and men were employed for pay. The rapid increase in paid work for women has resulted in an untenable model of work and care in which all employees are assumed to be unencumbered with family responsibilities and women who care for their families are dismissed as…
Descriptors: Adult Day Care, Behavior Standards, Caregivers, Child Care
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Lee, Wing-on – Chinese University Education Journal, 1989
States that in a milieu of rapid educational development a dual educational system is emerging that does not allow equal educational opportunities for all students. Traces the development of a dual system in Japan and Hong Kong. Follows the attempts of both societies to tackle the ensuing problems. (GG)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Educational Development, Educational Opportunities, Equal Education
OECD Publishing, 2017
The PISA for Development brief series is a set of concise monthly education policy-oriented notes published by the OECD which are designed to describe a specific PISA for Development topic. In this brief, PISA's role in monitoring the fourth United Nations Sustainable Development Goal--to "ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students
Japan Headquarters for Promoting the Welfare of Disabled Persons, Tokyo. – 1987
The document presents recommendations for government services for disabled persons after 6 years experience with Japan's 1982 long-term plan. The section on fundamental policies notes the principles of rehabilitation and normalization and makes nine recommendations concerning such areas as securing equal opportunities, supporting independence,…
Descriptors: Agency Cooperation, Cooperative Planning, Disabilities, Employment
Whitman, Nancy C. – 1999
This paper discusses practices, issues, and trends in Japanese middle school education that have bearing on U.S. education, grouping them into four categories. Section 1, "School Reform," discusses central control of education, opportunities for student creativity, improved teacher education, and the examination system. Section 2,…
Descriptors: Block Scheduling, Computer Uses in Education, Curriculum, Educational Change
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Matsuoka, Ryoji – Comparative Education Review, 2018
By assessing differentiated upper secondary education with homogeneous student backgrounds, previous studies indicate that a high concentration of students from families of higher socioeconomic status (SES) and a climate of educational expectations for higher educational attainment in schools result in a "hot house" effect that…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Student Diversity, Socioeconomic Status, Expectation
Burrows, Lance – ProQuest LLC, 2012
This study is a quasi-experimental, longitudinal investigation into the role that extensive reading and reading strategies play in the cultivation of reading self-efficacy. Conducted over the course of one academic year, how changes in reading self-efficacy translate into changes in reading comprehension was examined. In addition, the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Instruction, Reading, Reading Strategies
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