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D'Argembeau, Arnaud; Mathy, Arnaud – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2011
The ability to mentally simulate possible futures ("episodic future thinking") is of fundamental importance for various aspects of human cognition and behavior, but precisely how humans construct mental representations of future events is still essentially unknown. We suggest that episodic future thoughts consist of transitory patterns…
Descriptors: Semantics, Prompting, Cognitive Processes, Simulation
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Tendolkar, Indira – Language Learning, 2008
In his article, Chris Burt focuses on the relationship between time and autobiographical memory. The question Burt puts forward is whether temporal markers in reports on autobiographic memories reflect specific temporal information or result from rather complex cognitive processing of time-relevant knowledge. The aspect of time is inherent to the…
Descriptors: Semantics, Familiarity, Long Term Memory, Semiotics
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Gronholm-Nyman, Petra; Rinne, Juha O.; Laine, Matti – Neuropsychologia, 2010
We studied how subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), early Alzheimer's disease (AD) and age-matched controls learned and maintained the names of unfamiliar objects that were trained with or without semantic support (object definitions). Naming performance, phonological cueing, incidental learning of the definitions and recognition of the…
Descriptors: Mild Mental Retardation, Alzheimers Disease, Memory, Semantics
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McDonough, Ian M.; Gallo, David A. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2008
Retrieval monitoring enhances episodic memory accuracy. For instance, false recognition is reduced when participants base their decisions on more distinctive recollections, a retrieval monitoring process called the distinctiveness heuristic. The experiments reported here tested the hypothesis that autobiographical elaboration during study (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Semantics, Familiarity, Heuristics, Memory
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Mitchell, Karen J.; Johnson, Marcia K. – Psychological Bulletin, 2009
Focusing primarily on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), this article reviews evidence regarding the roles of subregions of the medial temporal lobes, prefrontal cortex, posterior representational areas, and parietal cortex in source memory. In addition to evidence from standard episodic memory tasks assessing accuracy for neutral…
Descriptors: Semantics, Schizophrenia, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Prior Learning
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Oztekin, Ilke; Curtis, Clayton E.; McElree, Brian – Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2009
During working memory retrieval, proactive interference (PI) can be induced by semantic similarity and episodic familiarity. Here, we used fMRI to test hypotheses about the role of the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) and the medial temporal lobe (MTL) regions in successful resolution of PI. Participants studied six-word lists and responded to a…
Descriptors: Semantics, Familiarity, Word Lists, Short Term Memory
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Maril, Anat; Avital, Rinat; Reggev, Niv; Zuckerman, Maya; Sadeh, Talya; Sira, Liat Ben; Livneh, Neta – Neuropsychologia, 2011
A known contributor to adults' superior memory performance compared to children is their differential reliance on an existing knowledge base. Compared to those of adults, children's semantic networks are less accessible and less established, a difference that is also thought to contribute to children's relative resistance to semantically related…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Memory, Children, Young Adults
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Norman, Kenneth A.; Newman, Ehren L.; Detre, Greg – Psychological Review, 2007
Retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) refers to the finding that retrieving a memory can impair subsequent recall of related memories. Here, the authors present a new model of how the brain gives rise to RIF in both semantic and episodic memory. The core of the model is a recently developed neural network learning algorithm that leverages regular…
Descriptors: Cues, Recall (Psychology), Models, Brain
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Diana, Rachel A.; Yonelinas, Andrew P.; Ranganath, Charan – Neuropsychologia, 2012
The medial temporal lobes (MTL) play an essential role in episodic memory, and accumulating evidence indicates that two MTL subregions--the perirhinal (PRc) and parahippocampal (PHc) cortices--might have different functions. According to the binding of item and context theory ( [16] and [21]), PRc is involved in processing item information, the…
Descriptors: Evidence, Semantics, Neurology, Radiology
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Giovanello, Kelly S.; Schacter, Daniel L. – Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2012
Neuroimaging studies of episodic memory in young adults demonstrate greater functional neural activity in ventrolateral pFC and hippocampus during retrieval of relational information as compared with item information. We tested the hypothesis that healthy older adults--individuals who exhibit behavioral declines in relational memory--would show…
Descriptors: Nouns, Young Adults, Older Adults, Memory
Dooling, D. James – 1975
This report describes research on Bartlett's theory of constructive memory. In experiment one, schematic retention is related to Tulving's distinction between episodic and semantic memory. With the passage of time, memory for prose reflects decreasing output from episodic memory and increasing output from semantic memory. In experiment two,…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Higher Education, Learning Processes, Memory
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Knight, Justin B.; Ball, B. Hunter; Brewer, Gene A.; DeWitt, Michael R.; Marsh, Richard L. – Journal of Memory and Language, 2012
Five experiments were conducted to examine how unsuccessful retrieval influences learning and subsequent memory. We used a cued-recall paradigm that produces many unsuccessful retrieval attempts (followed by feedback) and allows comparisons to be made between later memory for these trials and trials that only required reading or studying the…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Cues, Semantics, Memory
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Afonso, Ana S.; Gilbert, John K. – International Journal of Science Education, 2006
Framed by a "personal constructivist" perspective, this study analyses visitors' use of spontaneous memories in understanding different types of interactive exhibits, the nature and sources of the retrieved memories, and the way that visitors relate an exhibit analogically to memories of previous exhibits. One hundred and thirteen…
Descriptors: Semantics, Exhibits, Constructivism (Learning), Museums
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Kelley, Matthew R.; Neath, Ian; Surprenant, Aimée M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2015
Serial position functions with marked primacy and recency effects are ubiquitous in episodic memory tasks. The demonstrations reported here explored whether bow-shaped serial position functions would be observed when people ordered exemplars from various categories along a specified dimension. The categories and dimensions were: actors and age;…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Serial Ordering, Memory, Semantics
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Knapp, Doug; Benton, Gregory M. – Environmental Education Research, 2006
This study used a phenomenological approach to investigate the recollections of participants of an environmental education (EE) residential program. Ten students who participated in a residential EE program in the fall of 2001 were interviewed in the fall of 2002. Three major themes relating to the participants' long-term memory of the residential…
Descriptors: Semantics, Residential Programs, Program Content, Phenomenology
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