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Riggins, Tracy; Blankenship, Sarah L.; Mulligan, Elizabeth; Rice, Katherine; Redcay, Elizabeth – Child Development, 2015
Episodic memory shows striking improvement during early childhood. However, neural contributions to these behavioral changes are not well understood. This study examined associations between episodic memory and volume of subregions (head, body, and tail) of the hippocampus--a structure known to support episodic memory in school-aged children and…
Descriptors: Memory, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Neurological Organization, Young Children
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Wang, Jing-Yi; Weber, Frederik D.; Zinke, Katharina; Inostroza, Marion; Born, Jan – Child Development, 2018
Abilities to encode and remember events in their spatiotemporal context (episodic memory) rely on brain regions that mature late during childhood and are supported by sleep. We compared the temporal dynamics of episodic memory formation and the role of sleep in this process between 62 children (8-12 years) and 57 adults (18-37 years). Subjects…
Descriptors: Long Term Memory, Adults, Sleep, Comparative Analysis
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Er, Erkan; Kim, ChanMin – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2017
Teachers' episodic memories influence their beliefs. The investigation of episodic memories can help identify the teacher beliefs that limit technology-integration. We propose the Episode-Centered Belief Change (ECBC) model that utilizes teachers' episodic memories for changing beliefs impeding effective technology integration. We also propose…
Descriptors: Memory, Beliefs, Faculty Development, Attitude Change
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Sinclair, Alyssa H.; Barense, Morgan D. – Learning & Memory, 2018
Through the process of "reconsolidation," reminders can temporarily destabilize memories and render them vulnerable to change. Recent rodent research has proposed that prediction error, or the element of surprise, is a key component of this process; yet, this hypothesis has never before been extended to complex episodic memories in…
Descriptors: Memory, Prediction, Error Patterns, Cues
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Conway, Martin A. – Neuropsychologia, 2009
An account of episodic memories is developed that focuses on the types of knowledge they represent, their properties, and the functions they might serve. It is proposed that episodic memories consist of "episodic elements," summary records of experience often in the form of visual images, associated to a "conceptual frame" that provides a…
Descriptors: Memory, Experience, Visual Stimuli, Cognitive Psychology
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Lee, Joanna C. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Two reasons may explain the discrepant findings regarding declarative memory in developmental language disorder (DLD) in the literature. First, standardized tests are one of the primary tools used to assess declarative memory in previous studies. It is possible they are not sensitive enough to subtle memory impairment. Second, the…
Descriptors: Memory, Language Impairments, Evaluation Methods, Neurological Impairments
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Lee, Joshua K.; Wendelken, Carter; Bunge, Silvia A.; Ghetti, Simona – Child Development, 2016
This research investigated whether episodic memory development can be explained by improvements in relational binding processes, involved in forming novel associations between events and the context in which they occurred. Memory for item-space, item-time, and item-item relations was assessed in an ethnically diverse sample of 151 children aged…
Descriptors: Memory, Children, Young Adults, Standardized Tests
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Sekeres, Melanie J.; Bonasia, Kyra; St-Laurent, Marie; Pishdadian, Sara; Winocur, Gordon; Grady, Cheryl; Moscovitch, Morris – Learning & Memory, 2016
Episodic memories undergo qualitative changes with time, but little is known about how different aspects of memory are affected. Different types of information in a memory, such as perceptual detail, and central themes, may be lost at different rates. In patients with medial temporal lobe damage, memory for perceptual details is severely impaired,…
Descriptors: Memory, Neurological Impairments, Brain, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Klingmüller, Angela; Caplan, Jeremy B.; Sommer, Tobias – Learning & Memory, 2017
It would be profoundly important if reconsolidation research in animals and other memory domains generalized to human episodic memory. A 3-d-list-discrimination procedure, based on free recall of objects, with a contextual reminder cue (the testing room), has been thought to demonstrate reconsolidation of human episodic memory (as noted in a…
Descriptors: Memory, Recall (Psychology), Interference (Learning), Cognitive Processes
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Weber, Frederik D.; Wang, Jing-Yi; Born, Jan; Inostroza, Marion – Learning & Memory, 2014
Research in rats using preferences during exploration as a measure of memory has indicated that sleep is important for the consolidation of episodic-like memory, i.e., memory for an event bound into specific spatio-temporal context. How these findings relate to human episodic memory is unclear. We used spontaneous preferences during visual…
Descriptors: Animals, Preferences, Memory, Sleep
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Easton, Alexander; Webster, Lisa A. D.; Eacott, Madeline J. – Learning & Memory, 2012
Studying episodic memory in nonhuman animals has proved difficult because definitions in humans require conscious recollection. Here, we assessed humans' experience of episodic-like recognition memory tasks that have been used with animals. It was found that tasks using contextual information to discriminate events could only be accurately…
Descriptors: Animals, Memory, Recognition (Psychology), Recall (Psychology)
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Peterson, Dwight J.; Decker, Reed; Naveh-Benjamin, Moshe – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
A fundamental question for human memory research relates to the role of attention during the binding of distinct components into an integrated representation. A number of important differences exist between the working memory and episodic memory literature in terms of methodological implementation and empirical outcomes. For instance, episodic…
Descriptors: Role, Attention, Repetition, Short Term Memory
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Robinson, Sally; Howlin, Patricia; Russell, Ailsa – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
The relationship between dissociable components of autobiographical memory (e.g. semantic personality traits and episodic memory retrieval) and other cognitive skills that are proposed to enable one to develop a sense of self (e.g. introspection) have not previously been explored for children with autism spectrum disorder. This study compared…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Memory, Recall (Psychology), Comparative Analysis
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Picard, Laurence; Abram, Maria; Orriols, Eric; Piolino, Pascale – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2017
The majority of episodic memory (EM) tests are far removed from what we experience in daily life and from the definition of this type of memory. This study examines the developmental trajectory of the main aspects of episodic memory--what, where, and when--and of feature binding in a naturalistic virtual environment. A population of 125…
Descriptors: Computer Simulation, Memory, Children, Adolescents
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Craig, Michael; Butterworth, Karla; Nilsson, Jonna; Hamilton, Colin J.; Gallagher, Peter; Smulders, Tom V. – Learning & Memory, 2016
Episodic memory enables the detailed and vivid recall of past events, including target and wider contextual information. In this paper, we investigated whether/how encoding intentionality affects the retention of target and contextual episodic information from a novel experience. Healthy adults performed (1) a "What-Where-When"…
Descriptors: Memory, Cognitive Processes, Recall (Psychology), Intention
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