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ERIC Number: EJ928695
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0001-8791
Social Strategies during University Studies Predict Early Career Work Burnout and Engagement: 18-Year Longitudinal Study
Salmela-Aro, Katariina; Tolvanen, Asko; Nurmi, Jari-Erik
Journal of Vocational Behavior, v79 n1 p145-157 Aug 2011
This longitudinal study spanning 18 years examined the role of social strategies in early career adaptation. The aim was to find out whether individuals' social strategies measured during their university studies had an impact on work burnout and work engagement measured 10-18 years later. A sample of 292 university students completed the SAQ questionnaire three times while at university and the work burnout inventory three times and the work engagement inventory twice during their early career. According to the results, the higher the initial level of social optimism and the more it increased during university studies, and the lower the initial levels of social withdrawal and social handicapping and the more they decreased, the lower was the level of work burnout and the higher the level of work engagement in the early career. The effects of the level of social strategies were stronger on the professional efficacy subscale of burnout. (Contains 2 tables and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A