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ERIC Number: EJ949060
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9010
The Effects of Autonomy and Empowerment on Employee Turnover: Test of a Multilevel Model in Teams
Liu, Dong; Zhang, Shu; Wang, Lei; Lee, Thomas W.
Journal of Applied Psychology, v96 n6 p1305-1316 Nov 2011
Extending research on voluntary turnover in the team setting, this study adopts a multilevel self-determination theoretical approach to examine the unique roles of individual and social-contextual motivational precursors, autonomy orientation and autonomy support, in reducing team member voluntary turnover. Analysis of multilevel time-lagged data collected from 817 employees on 115 teams indicates that psychological empowerment mediates the main effect of autonomy orientation and the interactive effect of autonomy support and its differentiation on a team member's voluntary turnover. The findings have meaningful implications for the turnover and self-determination literatures as well as for managers who endeavor to prevent voluntary turnover in teams. (Contains 3 figures and 4 tables.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A