ERIC Number: EJ747055
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: 0
Deontic Reasoning with Emotional Content: Evolutionary Psychology or Decision Theory?
Perham, Nick; Oaksford, Mike
Cognitive Science, v29 n5 p681-718 2005
Three experiments investigated the contrasting predictions of the evolutionary and decision-theoretic approaches to deontic reasoning. Two experiments embedded a hazard management (HM) rule in a social contract scenario that should lead to competition between innate modules. A 3rd experiment used a pure HM task. Threatening material was also introduced into the antecedent, p, of a deontic rule, if p then must q. According to the evolutionary approach, more HM responses (Cosmides & Tooby, 2000) are predicted when p is threatening, whereas decision theory predicts fewer. All 3 experiments were consistent with decision theory. Other theories are discussed, and it is concluded that they cannot account for the behavior observed in these experiments.
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Decision Making, Cognitive Psychology, Ideology, Moral Values, Social Science Research, Investigations, Behavior Theories, Predictor Variables, Evolution, Ethology
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. 10 Industrial Avenue, Mahwah, NJ 07430. Tel: 800-926-6579; Tel: 201-258-2200; Fax: 201-236-0072; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: https://www.erlbaum.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A