ERIC Number: EJ1093173
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Social-Emotional Inhibition of Return in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder versus Typical Development
Antezana, Ligia; Mosner, Maya G.; Troiani, Vanessa; Yerys, Benjamin E.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n4 p1236-1246 Apr 2016
In typical development there is a bias to orient visual attention to social information. Children with ASD do not reliably demonstrate this bias, and the role of attention orienting has not been well studied. We examined attention orienting via the inhibition of return (IOR) mechanism in a spatial cueing task using social-emotional cues; we studied 8- to 17-year-old children with ASD (n = 41) and typically developing controls (TDC) (n = 25). The ASD group exhibited a significantly stronger IOR effect than the TDC group, and the IOR effect correlated positively with social impairments but was unrelated to co-occurring ADHD or anxiety symptoms. The results provide evidence of an early altered attention mechanism that is associated with to core social deficits in ASD.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Child Development, Adolescents, Social Development, Emotional Development, Cues, Inhibition, Spatial Ability, Comparative Analysis, Correlation, Interpersonal Competence, Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Antisocial Behavior, Visual Perception
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A