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Anzures, Gizelle; Pascalis, Olivier; Quinn, Paul C.; Slater, Alan M.; Lee, Kang – Infancy, 2011
An abundance of experience with own-race faces and limited to no experience with other-race faces has been associated with better recognition memory for own-race faces in infants, children, and adults. This study investigated the developmental origins of this other-race effect (ORE) by examining the role of a salient perceptual property of…
Descriptors: Infants, Recognition (Psychology), Visual Perception, Racial Differences
Bruno, Holly Elissa – Exchange: The Early Childhood Leaders' Magazine Since 1978, 2011
For early childhood professionals, both peers and supervisors, confronting adult whining or any other offensive behavior can be difficult. Eighty percent of early childhood leaders prefer to avoid conflict and hope the problem will just go away (Bruno, 2008). One sees herself/himself more as a nurturing professional than feisty warrior. The author…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Children, Work Attitudes, Work Ethic
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DeMattei, Ronda R.; Allen, Jessica; Goss, Breanna – Journal of School Nursing, 2012
Children with special health care needs face many barriers to oral care and are at high risk for oral disease. School nurses are in a unique position to promote oral wellness in this vulnerable population. Collaboration between school nurses and dental hygiene faculty resulted in the formation of a partnership between a university-based dental…
Descriptors: Health Needs, Evidence, Special Health Problems, Hygiene
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Middlecamp, Catherine Hurt – Journal of Chemical Education, 2007
Teachers should use real-life issues while teaching chemical principles, so that students can find issues worthy of engagement both in their studies and over the course of a lifetime. Difficulties and failures present excellent teaching opportunities and they give the students the intellectual space to consider the questions that might be…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Scientific Principles, Science Instruction, Relevance (Education)
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Miranda, Michael V. – Community College Enterprise, 2007
The academically underprepared community college student may also be psychosocially underprepared for college, a condition contributing to the development of classroom-specific social phobia and to the high attrition rate at community colleges. The "Find Your Voice Program" uses individual and group cognitive-behavioral techniques to develop…
Descriptors: Social Integration, Community Colleges, Academic Persistence, Active Learning
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Sauvage, Magdalena M.; Beer, Zachery; Eichenbaum, Howard – Learning & Memory, 2010
A current controversy in memory research concerns whether recognition is supported by distinct processes of familiarity and recollection, or instead by a single process wherein familiarity and recollection reflect weak and strong memories, respectively. Recent studies using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses in an animal model have…
Descriptors: Familiarity, Recognition (Psychology), Responses, Memory
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Rich, Anina N.; Mattingley, Jason B. – Cognition, 2010
Mechanisms of selective attention exert a powerful influence on visual perception. We examined whether attentional selection is necessary for generation of the vivid colours experienced by individuals with grapheme-colour synaesthesia. Twelve synaesthetes and matched controls viewed rapid serial displays of nonsense characters within which were…
Descriptors: Attention, Vision, Visual Perception, Color
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Akbas, Yavuz; Gencturk, Ebru – Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teaching based on conceptual change overcome misconceptions of 9th grade high school students about the subject of air pressure. The sampling of the study was formed with two classes of 9th grade students from a general high school in the city-center of Trabzon. A quasi-experimental…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Concept Mapping, Research Design, Test Results
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Thomas, Brian L.; Vurbic, Drina; Novak, Cheryl – Learning and Motivation, 2009
Two studies examined whether nonreinforcement of a stimulus in multiple contexts, instead of a single context, would decrease renewal of conditioned fear in rats (as assessed by conditioned suppression of lever pressing). In Experiment 1, renewal was measured after 36 nonreinforced CS trials delivered during six extinction sessions in a single…
Descriptors: Therapy, Fear, Animals, Conditioning
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Vivian, Craig – Journal of Inquiry and Action in Education, 2009
The overgrowth of sports in our society has resulted in a host of potential problems for the young athletes who associate with the sport culture found in schools. Although the positive elements of sports are routinely touted, the negative aspects are oftentimes overlooked or trivialized. Most of the positive personal and social aspects attributed…
Descriptors: Youth Problems, Athletics, Relevance (Education), Program Termination
Prescott, Anne; Mitchelmore, Michael – International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2005
Student misconceptions of projectile motion are well documented, but their effect on the teaching and learning of the mathematics of motion under gravity has not been investigated. An experimental unit was designed that was intended to confront and eliminate misconceptions in senior secondary school students. The approach was found to be…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Misconceptions, Motion, Student Attitudes
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Berger, Ami – Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences, 2004
On June 16, 2004, the College of Human Ecology (CHE), University of Minnesota partnered with a Twin Cities community service agency to host an event that raised awareness of domestic violence and also raised funds. "The Sheila Shawl Extravaganza," was a celebration of Sheila Wellstone's life (she was the wife of Minnesota senator Paul…
Descriptors: Family Violence, Fund Raising, Females, Community Organizations
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Odegard, Timothy N.; Holliday, Robyn E.; Brainerd, Charles J.; Reyna, Valerie F. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2008
Counterintuitive age increases have been reported for the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) false memory illusion. The current theoretical explanation of this effect assumes that it is due to age increases in spontaneous interconnection of DRM list words' meanings. To test this explanation, 11-year-olds and young adults studied DRM lists under…
Descriptors: Children, Young Adults, Memory
Goen-Salter, Sugie – Journal of Basic Writing (CUNY), 2008
For more than two decades the California State University (CSU) has been trying unsuccessfully to "reduce the need for remediation" on its campuses, primarily through initiatives aimed at high schools. This article examines a basic writing reform project, San Francisco State's Integrated Reading/Writing Program, in the context of the…
Descriptors: Basic Writing, Educational Change, Writing Teachers, Faculty Development
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Sherman, Whitney H. – Educational Policy, 2008
Proponents of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) hail it as vital legislation that supports a civil rights agenda because of explicit recognition that achievement gaps are unacceptable. One way to make sense of NCLB's impact on school divisions and to understand whether NCLB recognizes the complexity of why minority and low-socioeconomic-background…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Educational Change, Superintendents
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