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Pribyl, Jirí; Eisenmann, Petr; Guncaga, Ján – Science & Education, 2018
This article describes two heuristic strategies for problem solving: the "use of false assumption" strategy and the "use of double false assumption" strategy. Both of these strategies have their roots deep in history. In this article, we define these two strategies and illustrate their use in a problem developed by Frances…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Mathematics Instruction, Secondary School Mathematics, Foreign Countries
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Hejnová, Eva; Eisenmann, Petr; Cihlár, Jirí; Pribyl, Jirí – Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, 2018
The article reports the results of a study, the main aim of which was to find out correlations among the three components of the Culture of problem solving (reading comprehension, creativity and ability to use the existing knowledge) and six dimensions of Scientific reasoning (conservation of matter and volume, proportional reasoning, control of…
Descriptors: Science Process Skills, Abstract Reasoning, Thinking Skills, Problem Solving
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Eisenmann, Petr; Novotná, Jarmila; Pribyl, Jirí; Brehovský, Jirí – Mathematics Education Research Journal, 2015
The article reports the results of a longitudinal research study conducted in three mathematics classes in Czech schools with 62 pupils aged 12-18 years. The pupils were exposed to the use of selected heuristic strategies in mathematical problem solving for a period of 16 months. This was done through solving problems where the solution was the…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Heuristics, Secondary School Students, Mathematics Instruction