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ERIC Number: EJ845395
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0255-7614
Effects of Selected Variables on Musicians' Ratings of High-Level Piano Performances
Wapnick, Joel; Ryan, Charlene; Lacaille, Nathalie; Darrow, Alice-Ann
International Journal of Music Education, v22 n1 p7-20 2004
The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether judgments of solo performances recorded at a well-known international piano competition would be affected by musical characteristics such as style (classic period versus early 20th-century Russian) and tempo (slow versus fast). Evaluators rated performances on six test items: tone quality, note accuracy, rhythmic accuracy, expressiveness, adherence to style and overall impression. The effects of four between-subjects variables were examined: audio versus audiovisual presentation, undergraduate versus graduate/faculty, gender, and pianists versus non-pianists. Results from the 227 evaluators revealed main effects for treatment, style and major: audiovisual presentations were rated higher than audio only presentations, performances of Russian music were rated higher than performances of classic music, and pianists rated performances higher than did non-pianists. The treatment effect was due to a significant treatment by major interaction, and applied only to non-pianists. Gender was involved in a number of three- and four-way interactions that are difficult to interpret. Pearson "r" correlations were calculated for ratings of the 16 performances on the overall impression test item. The mean correlation for the 120 pairs of ratings was 0.33--low but statistically significant. Intraclass correlations revealed no significant differences between the two levels of all four between-subjects variables. (Contains 7 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A