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ERIC Number: EJ1121041
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Dec
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-2059-0776
When Instructional Guidance is Needed
Chen, Ouhao; Kalyuga, Slava; Sweller, John
Educational and Developmental Psychologist, v33 n2 p149-162 Dec 2016
Studying worked examples providing problem solutions to learners usually leads to better test performance than solving the equivalent problems without guidance, demonstrating the worked-example effect. The generation effect occurs when learners who generate answers without guidance learn better than those who read answers that provide guidance. The contradiction between these results can be hypothesized to be due to differences in the element interactivity of the learning tasks. Primary school students in Year 6 participated in the experiment, which investigated the hypothesis by using geometry materials. A disordinal interaction was obtained between levels of guidance and levels of element interactivity. Higher levels of guidance facilitated learning using high element interactivity information, while lower levels of guidance facilitated learning for low element interactivity information. Cognitive load theory was used to explain these contrasting results. From an educational perspective, it was suggested that when determining levels of guidance, a consideration of element interactivity is essential.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A