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Rosenkränzer, Frank; Kramer, Tim; Hörsch, Christian; Schuler, Stephan; Rieß, Werner – Higher Education Studies, 2016
The understanding of complex, dynamic and animate systems has a special standing in education for sustainable development and biology. Thus one important role of science teacher education is to promote student teachers' Content Related Knowledge (CRK) for teaching systems thinking, consisting of extensive Content Knowledge (CK) and well formed…
Descriptors: Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Systems Approach, Thinking Skills, Student Teachers
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Liefländer, Anne K.; Bogner, Franz X.; Kibbe, Alexandra; Kaiser, Florian G. – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
One aim of environmental education is fostering sustainable environmental action. Some environmental behaviour models suggest that this can be accomplished in part by improving people's knowledge. Recent studies have identified a distinct, psychometrically supported environmental knowledge structure consisting of system, action-related and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Environmental Education, Program Effectiveness, Conservation (Environment)
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Riess, Werner; Mischo, Christoph – International Journal of Science Education, 2010
This study's goal was to analyze various teaching approaches within the context of natural science lessons, especially in biology. The main focus of the paper lies on the effectiveness of different teaching methods in promoting systems thinking in the field of Education for Sustainable Development. The following methods were incorporated into the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teaching Methods, Biology, Science Instruction
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Bernholt, Sascha; Parchmann, Ilka – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2011
Current reforms in the education policy of various countries are intended to produce a paradigm shift in the educational system towards an outcome orientation. After implementing educational standards as normative objectives, the development of test procedures that adequately reflect these targets and standards is a central problem. This paper…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Chemistry, Knowledge Level, Science Instruction
Martin, Michael O., Ed.; Mullis, Ina V. S., Ed. – International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2013
TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) is an international assessment of mathematics and science at the fourth and eighth grades that has been conducted every four years since 1995, with the most recent assessment in 2011. PIRLS (Progress in International Reading Literacy Study) is an international assessment of reading…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement, Grade 4
Mertens, Steven B., Ed; Anfara, Vincent A., Ed.; Roney, Kathleen, Ed. – IAP - Information Age Publishing, Inc., 2009
Studies like the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) have compared the performance of U.S. middle grade students (i.e., eighth graders) to those in other countries. In relation to middle grade schools, 20 countries outperformed the United States in mathematics and nine countries scored above the U.S. in science. The intent of…
Descriptors: Middle Schools, International Education, Comparative Education, Educational Research
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Hochpöchler, Ulrike; Schnotz, Wolfgang; Rasch, Thorsten; Ullrich, Mark; Horz, Holger; McElvany, Nele; Baumert, Jürgen – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2013
When students read for learning, they frequently are required to integrate text and graphics information into coherent knowledge structures. The following study aimed at analyzing how students deal with texts and how they deal with graphics when they try to integrate the two sources of information. Furthermore, the study investigated differences…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8
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Graf, Christine; Jouck, Stefanie; Koch, Benjamin; Platschek, Anna-Maria; Arnold, Christiane; Bohm, Michael; Dordel, Sigrid; Tokarski, Walter – Physical Education and Sport, 2008
Study aim: To examine the prevalence of obesity and its correlation with blood pressure, waist circumference and other health related risk factors (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and TV/PC-screen time) in German youths. Material and methods: A cohort of 831 boys and 808 girls, fifth- to tenth-graders from 3 German high schools…
Descriptors: Obesity, Socioeconomic Status, Physical Activities, Smoking
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Schwinger, Malte; Wild, Elke – Contemporary Educational Psychology, 2012
This study examined the longitudinal trajectories of achievement goal profiles in mathematics from third to seventh grade in a sample of 302 German students. Latent profile analyses were conducted separately for each school year and revealed three subgroups of students with distinct goal profiles labeled high multiple goals, moderate multiple…
Descriptors: Educational Objectives, Outcomes of Education, Student Motivation, Early Adolescents
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Frenzel, Anne C.; Goetz, Thomas; Pekrun, Reinhard; Watt, Helen M. G. – Journal of Research on Adolescence, 2010
This study investigated adolescents' developmental trajectories of mathematics interest and explored related effects of gender, family, and school context. Latent growth curve modeling was used to analyze longitudinal data of N = 3,193 students (51% female) from grades 5 to 9 from all 3 ability tracks of the German state school system. Annual…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Questionnaires, Mathematics
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Maier, Uwe – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2009
The paper analyses how teachers view state-mandated tests in Baden-Wurttemberg, a large state in the south-west of Germany. For the first time in 2006, public secondary schools were bound by law to administer "Vergleichsarbeiten" [state-wide tests] in up to three relevant subjects after Grade 6. Scholars in the field of school…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Measurement
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Krampen, Gunter – Educational Psychology, 2010
The effects of relaxation exercises on orthography performance in language arts education of fifth to seventh graders were experimentally tested. Participants were 399 basic secondary school students and their language arts teachers from the Hauptschule, a German type of secondary education covering grades five to nine that leads to a basic…
Descriptors: Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Verbal Communication, Language Arts
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Paulick, Isabell; Watermann, Rainer; Nuckles, Matthias – Contemporary Educational Psychology, 2013
During the transition from elementary school to secondary school, in Germany, students are assigned to different school tracks, academic or non-academic, that differ markedly in compositional and institutional characteristics, e.g., the level of cognitive activation and performance standards are higher in academic tracks than in non-academic…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Institutional Characteristics, Grade 4
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Murayama, Kou; Pekrun, Reinhard; Lichtenfeld, Stephanie; vom Hofe, Rudolf – Child Development, 2013
This research examined how motivation (perceived control, intrinsic motivation, and extrinsic motivation), cognitive learning strategies (deep and surface strategies), and intelligence jointly predict long-term growth in students' mathematics achievement over 5 years. Using longitudinal data from six annual waves (Grades 5 through 10;…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gains, Cognitive Processes, Learning Strategies