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Bodovski, Katerina; Byun, Soo-yong; Chykina, Volha; Chung, Hee Jin – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2017
We utilised four waves of TIMSS data in addition to the information we have collected on countries' educational systems to examine whether different degrees of standardisation, differentiation, proportion of students in private schools and governmental spending on education influence students' math achievement, its variation and socioeconomic…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries
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Bodovski, Katerina; Kotok, Stephen; Henck, Adrienne – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2014
Although communist ideology claimed to destroy former class stratification based on labour market capitalist relationships, "de facto" during socialism one social class hierarchy was substituted for another that was equally unequal. The economic transition during the 1990s increased stratification by wealth, which affected educational…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Political Attitudes, Ideology, Social Stratification