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Gordon, Edmund W. – IRCD Bulletin, 1978
Studies of urban living and its consequences for education tend to focus on issues related to ethnic minority status and low economic status. There are problems, however, more critical to urban life than those faced by low status people in our cities. Continuity and change present problems in urban areas. Three broad categories which have special…
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Educational Environment, Educational Problems, Elementary Secondary Education
St. John, Nancy H.; Gordon, Edmund W., Ed. – IRCD Bulletin, 1978
This article examines nine dimensions to the meaning of school desegregation for black children and analyzes one attitudinal outcome related to each dimension. The dimensions (listed first) and corresponding outcomes are as follows: (1) symbolic message and sense of control; (2) borrowed stigma aura and self esteem; (3) relative deprivation and…
Descriptors: Black Students, Desegregation Effects, Elementary Secondary Education, Minority Groups