ERIC Number: ED485584
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Mar
Public Policies for Career Development. Case Studies And Emerging Issues For Designing Career Information And Guidance Systems In Developing And Transition Economies
Watts, A. G.; Fretwell, David H.
World Bank Education Advisory Service
The following pages summarize the findings of seven case-studies of public policy in career guidance carried out in Chile, the Philippines, Poland, Romania, Russia, South Africa and Turkey. The objectives of this World Bank study were: to identify and describe the distinctive issues faced by developing and transition economies in forming effective policies in career guidance and counseling; to identify emerging examples of best practice, and suggest how such countries can form more effective policies and programs in this field; and to assist the World Bank and other development agencies in determining how they can best assist such efforts. While there are common issues identified between the OECD, EU and World Bank studies, World Bank client countries are often faced with distinctive issues. These include limited public resources, high unemployment and poverty, large informal economies, need for community capacity building, and at times specific family and cultural factors which may have a major impact on career decision-making. Current career guidance provision in the seven case-study countries is reviewed in terms of five main sectors: schools; tertiary education; public employment services; employer-based services; and the private and voluntary sectors. This provision reflects a traditional policy rationale in which career guidance is viewed in somewhat institutional and reactive terms, as a measure designed to lubricate the operation of the education system and its relationship to the labor market, and to combat such phenomena as unemployment or mismatch.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Public Policy, Cultural Influences, Careers, Unemployment, Labor Market, Employment Services, Career Guidance, Career Development, Case Studies, Developing Nations
The World Bank 1818 H Street, NW Washington, DC 20433 USA. E-mail:email@example.com
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa; Chile; Philippines; Poland; Romania; Russia; South Africa; Turkey