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Sadoski, Mark; Kealy, William A.; Goetz, Ernest T.; Paivio, Allan – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1997
In two experiments, undergraduates (n=48 and n=50) composed written definitions of concrete and abstract nouns that were matched for frequency of use and meaningfulness. Results support previous research suggesting that common cognitive mechanisms underlie production of spoken and written language as explained by dual coding theory. (SLD)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Definitions, Higher Education, Language Skills
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Bowers-Campbell, Joy – Journal of College Reading and Learning, 2015
The following study is part of a larger study exploring reading identity in students who were placed into a mandatory developmental reading class because of low scores on college placement exams. Sociocultural theories of learning framed the qualitative study. Although the larger study addressed two overarching questions related to reading…
Descriptors: Course Descriptions, Developmental Studies Programs, Remedial Reading, Correlation
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Boerner, Kathrin; Jopp, Daniela – Human Development, 2007
This article focuses on the common and unique contributions of three major life-span theories in addressing improvement/maintenance and reorientation, which represent central processes of coping with major life change and loss. For this purpose, we review and compare the dual-process model of assimilative and accommodative coping, the model of…
Descriptors: Improvement, Maintenance, Orientation, Coping
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Zhu, Yu; Fung, Andy S. L.; Wang, Hongyan – CALICO Journal, 2012
Digital flashcards are one of the most popular self-study computer-assisted vocabulary learning tools for beginners of Chinese as a foreign language. However, studies on the effects of this widely used learning tool are scarce. Introducing a new concept--referential stimulus--into the Dual Coding Theory (DCT) framework, this study acknowledges the…
Descriptors: Animation, Computer Assisted Instruction, Memorization, Educational Technology
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Shalmani, Hamed Babaie; Sabet, Masoud Khalili – English Language Teaching, 2010
This research explored the effects of three types of multimedia glosses on the reading comprehension of learners in an EFL context. From among the three experimental groups under study, one received treatment on five academic reading passages through picto-textual glosses where both textual definitions and relevant images of words popped up, thus…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Reading Comprehension
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Kelly, Ashleigh J.; Dux, Paul E. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2011
To study the temporal dynamics and capacity-limits of attentional selection and encoding, researchers often employ the attentional blink (AB) phenomenon: subjects' impaired ability to report the second of two targets in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) stream that appear within 200-500 ms of one another. The AB has now been the subject of…
Descriptors: Investigations, Cognitive Processes, Information Processing, Eye Movements
Bigenho, Frederick W., Jr. – 1992
The conceptual development of schema theory, the way an individual organizes knowledge, is discussed, reviewing a range of perspectives regarding schema. Schema has been defined as the interfacing of incoming information with prior knowledge, clustered in networks. These networks comprise a superordinate concept and supporting information. The…
Descriptors: Cognitive Psychology, Concept Formation, Definitions, Learning Theories
Wu, Ruoyi – 1994
Novice researchers often face more peril than pleasures in the researching process, which can become even more perilous as bicultural backgrounds locate them in ambiguous and fluid positions in relation to the "native" and the research community. Such ambiguity problematizes the techniques of participant observation, revealing it as a…
Descriptors: Cultural Context, Cultural Differences, Ethnography, Feminism
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Johnson, Robert E.; Liddell, Scott K. – Sign Language Studies, 2011
In this paper we examine the theory of the structure of signs that grew from Stokoe's (1965) proposals. We begin by examining argument for the structural simultaneity of signs by examining claims about how signs contrast and how cheremes function. Historically, such discussions have involved three claims: (1) that signs are composed of a single…
Descriptors: Phonetics, American Sign Language, Distinctive Features (Language)
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Hortin, John A. – Reading Improvement, 1982
Examines sources available for developing a theory of visual literacy and attempts to clarify the meaning of the term. Suggests that visual thinking, a concept supported by recent research on mental imagery, visualization, and dual coding, ought to be the emphasis for future theory development. (FL)
Descriptors: Definitions, Mass Media, Theories, Visual Literacy
ALLEN, ROBERT M. – 1965
DESIGNED TO GIVE THE READER SOME OF THE DIFFICULTIES OF INTEGRATING PERSONALITY VARIABLES, THEORY, AND TESTING, THIS BOOK DISCUSSES THE DUAL ORIENTATION OF PSYCHOLOGY AS A SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINE AND AS AN APPLIED SKILL. EXAMPLES OF BOTH NOMOTHETIC AND IDIOGRAPHIC THEORIES OF PERSONALITY ARE CONSIDERED. THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT AND DEBATE…
Descriptors: Behavior Theories, Motivation, Perception, Personality Assessment
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Bertin, Jean-Claude; Narcy-Combes, Jean-Paul – Computer Assisted Language Learning, 2007
This paper is the result of a need to develop a conceptual framework for monitoring the learner in a computer-mediated language learning environment. In agreement with Chapelle, who suggests that technological capacities must be questioned in the terms of SLA theory, the position held here is that theory is needed even in the case of practical…
Descriptors: Computer Mediated Communication, Learning Processes, Distance Education, Second Language Learning
Hortin, John A. – 1980
Organized as a bibliographic essay, this paper examines the many sources available for developing a theory of visual literacy. Several definitions are offered in order to clarify the meaning of the term "visual literacy" so that meaningful research can be conducted on the topic. Based on the review of resources, three recommendations are offered…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Higher Education, Literature Reviews, Primary Sources
Comstock, Sharon L. – ProQuest LLC, 2012
This dissertation is a dual-site ethnographic case study of the lived information literacy experiences of students in their junior year of high school relative to their school library and librarians. What began as an investigation of an apparent gap in understanding between the views of teens and school librarians regarding "information…
Descriptors: School Libraries, Junior High School Students, Information Literacy, Student Experience
LaFramenta, Joanne Jensen – ProQuest LLC, 2011
This study illuminates the practice of teaching mathematics in depth by developing a framework to serve practicing teachers and those who educate teachers. A thorough reading of the literature that began with all of the volumes in the decades since the publication of the Standards (1989) identified six elements that were profitable for effective…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness, Elementary School Mathematics, Grade 5
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