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Showing 16 to 30 of 48 results Save | Export
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Wuhr, Peter; Biebl, Rupert – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2011
This study investigates the impact of working memory (WM) load on response conflicts arising from spatial (non) correspondence between irrelevant stimulus location and response location (Simon effect). The dominant view attributes the Simon effect to automatic processes of location-based response priming. The automaticity view predicts…
Descriptors: Priming, Short Term Memory, Experimental Psychology, Investigations
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Gipson, Cassandra D.; DiGian, Kelly A.; Miller, Holly C.; Zentall, Thomas R. – Learning and Motivation, 2008
Previous research with the radial maze has found evidence that rats can remember both places that they have already been (retrospective coding) and places they have yet to visit (prospective coding; Cook, R. G., Brown, M. F., & Riley, D. A. (1985). Flexible memory processing by rats: Use of prospective and retrospective information in the radial…
Descriptors: Animals, Logical Thinking, Experimental Psychology, Memory
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Hample, Dale – Journal of the American Forensic Association, 1982
Develops the theory that a fallacy is not a comparison of a rhetorical text to a set of definitions but a comparison of one person's cognition with another's. Reviews Paivio's dual coding theory, relates nonverbal coding to reasoning processes, and generates a limited fallacy theory based on dual coding theory. (PD)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Higher Education, Literature Reviews, Logical Thinking
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Boers, Frank; Warren, Paul; Grimshaw, Gina; Siyanova-Chanturia, Anna – Computer Assisted Language Learning, 2017
Several research articles published in the realm of Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) have reported evidence of the benefits of multimodal annotations, i.e. the provision of pictorial as well as verbal clarifications, for vocabulary uptake from reading. Almost invariably, these publications account for the observed benefits with reference…
Descriptors: Adults, Foreign Students, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning
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Taura, Hideyuki – Language, Culture and Curriculum, 1998
Investigates effects of second-language acquisition age, length of exposure to the second language, and Japanese language specificity on the bilingual dual coding hypothesis proposed by Paivio and Desrochers (1980). Balanced Japanese-English bilingual returnee (having resided in an English-speaking country) subjects were presented with pictures to…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, High School Students
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Farley, Andrew; Pahom, Olga; Ramonda, Kris – Hispania, 2014
This study examines the lexical representation and recall of abstract words by beginning L2 learners of Spanish in the light of the predictions of the dual coding theory (Paivio 1971; Paivio and Desrochers 1980). Ninety-seven learners (forty-four males and fifty-three females) were randomly placed in the picture or non-picture group and taught…
Descriptors: Spanish, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Coding
Murray, D. J.; Newman, Frances M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1973
Article is concerned with reporting an experiment which adds to the corpus of information respecting dual codes in short-term memory. (Author/GB)
Descriptors: Experimental Psychology, Learning Theories, Memory, Mnemonics
Kosslyn, Stephen M.; And Others – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 1976
Investigates whether imagery and verbal encoding use different processing mechanisms and attempts to discover whether the processes underlying the use of imagery to retain words are also involved in like-modality perception. (Author/RK)
Descriptors: Codification, Experimental Psychology, Experiments, Imagery
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Sadoski, Mark; And Others – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1993
The comprehensibility, interestingness, familiarity, and memorability of concrete and abstract instructional texts were studied in 4 experiments involving 221 college students. Results indicate that concreteness (ease of imagery) is the variable overwhelmingly most related to comprehensibility and recall. Dual coding theory and schema theory are…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Content Analysis, Encoding (Psychology), Familiarity
Pellegrino, James W.; And Others – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 1975
The recall of picture and word triads was examined in three experiments that manipulated the type of distraction in a Brown-Peterson short-term retention task. (Editor)
Descriptors: Experimental Psychology, Pictorial Stimuli, Recall (Psychology), Research Methodology
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Goldstein, Bram; Armstrong, Carol L.; Modestino, Edward; Ledakis, George; John, Cameron; Hunter, Jill V. – Brain and Cognition, 2004
This study investigated the effects of left and right intracranial tumors on picture and word recognition memory. We hypothesized that left hemispheric (LH) patients would exhibit greater word recognition memory impairment than right hemispheric (RH) patients, with no significant hemispheric group picture recognition memory differences. The LH…
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Memory, Cancer, Hypothesis Testing
Clark, Robert L. – Educational Communication and Technology: A Journal of Theory, Research, and Development, 1978
Thirty-two students at the University of Oregon were tested to determine the effects of media on mental imagery and memory. The model incorporates a dual coding hypothesis, and five single and multiple channel treatments were used. (Author/JEG)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Information Processing, Media Research, Memory
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Lapadat, Judith C.; Martin, Jack – Contemporary Educational Psychology, 1994
Results from a study involving 34 undergraduates supported the prediction from Paivo's dual coding theory (1986) that imaginal elaborations during lectures assist students' recall of both episodic and declarative information. The prediction that episodic memories would mediate retention of declarative information from the lecture was not…
Descriptors: Coding, Cognitive Processes, Higher Education, Learning
Bagheri, Mohammad Sadegh; Fazel, Ismaeil – Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics, 2010
In recent years, idioms have received overwhelming attention in language pedagogy. Experts in the field have sought ways to optimize learning and teaching of these prefabricated language chunks. It is now maintained that the meaning of idioms which was once deemed as arbitrary is somehow "motivated" by their literal, original usage.…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Advanced Students
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Rozencwajg, Paulette – Learning and Individual Differences, 2007
This paper studies the development of taxonomic processing as measured by an adapted version of the Wechsler Similarities subtest, which distinguishes between categorization of concrete and abstract words. Two factors--age and concreteness--are also tested by a recall task. The results show an age-related increase in taxonomic categorization,…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Classification, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes
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