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Showing 76 to 90 of 219 results Save | Export
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Ellison, Kimberly S.; Bundy, Myra Beth; Wygant, Dustin B.; Gore, Jonathan S. – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2016
The new DSM-5 dimensional framework of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) features severity ratings of social communication (SC) and restrictive/repetitive behaviors (RRB) and little research has been conducted since its inception. There has been a recent increase in the administration and adoption of broadband behavior-rating scales by clinicians,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Rating Scales, Child Behavior
Saad, Mourad Ali Eissa; Kamel, Omaima Mostafa – International Journal of Psycho-Educational Sciences, 2019
The Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder (stuttering) reflects a marked impairment in speech fluency that is not attributable to stroke or another medical condition, and developmental or mental disorder (Birstein, 2015). This article examines Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder (Stuttering): An interruption in the flow of speaking. The focus is on the…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Speech Impairments, Children, Definitions
Eissa Saad, Mourad Ali; Kamel, Omaima Mostafa – Online Submission, 2019
The Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder (stuttering) reflects a marked impairment in speech fluency that is not attributable to stroke or another medical condition, and developmental or mental disorder (Birstein, 2015). This article examines Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder (Stuttering): An interruption in the flow of speaking. The focus is on the…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Speech Impairments, Children, Definitions
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Pina-Camacho, Laura; Villero, Sonia; Fraguas, David; Boada, Leticia; Janssen, Joost; Navas-Sanchez, Francisco J.; Mayoral, Maria; Llorente, Cloe; Arango, Celso; Parellada, Mara – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
A systematic review of 208 studies comprising functional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging data in patients with "autism spectrum disorder" (ASD) was conducted, in order to determine whether these data support the forthcoming DSM-5 proposal of a social communication and behavioral symptom dyad. Studies consistently reported…
Descriptors: Autism, Screening Tests, Literature Reviews, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Weitlauf, Amy S.; Gotham, Katherine O.; Vehorn, Alison C.; Warren, Zachary E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Proposed DSM-5 revisions to the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) include a "severity" marker based on degree of impairment. Although qualitative differences between support levels are described, quantitative methods or practice recommendations for differentiating between levels remain undetermined. This leaves the field…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Clinical Diagnosis, Classification
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Grodberg, David; Weinger, Paige M.; Halpern, Danielle; Parides, Michael; Kolevzon, Alexander; Buxbaum, Joseph D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The phenotypic heterogeneity of adults suspected of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) requires a standardized diagnostic approach that is feasible in all clinical settings. The autism mental status exam (AMSE) is an eight-item observational assessment that structures the observation and documentation of social, communicative and behavioral signs and…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Adults, Verbal Ability
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Fuertes, Jairo N.; Hoffman, Alexander – College Student Journal, 2016
Objective: This study examined alcohol consumption at two college campuses, a "dry" urban campus and a "wet" rural campus. We examined alcohol consumption as a function of students' membership in: Greek Organizations, NCAA Varsity Athletic teams, or as being Unaffiliated in these groups. Participants: Two hundred eighty-eight…
Descriptors: Drinking, Alcohol Abuse, College Students, Urban Schools
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Pina-Camacho, Laura; Villero, Sonia; Boada, Leticia; Fraguas, David; Janssen, Joost; Mayoral, Maria; Llorente, Cloe; Arango, Celso; Parellada, Mara – Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2013
This systematic review aims to determine whether or not structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) data support the DSM-5 proposal of an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnostic category, and whether or not classical DSM-IV autistic disorder (AD) and Asperger syndrome (AS) categories should be subsumed into it. The most replicated sMRI findings…
Descriptors: Brain, Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Patients
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Tannock, Rosemary – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2013
DSM-5, the fifth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders," was published in May 2013, amidst a storm of controversy. This article focuses on changes made to the diagnostic criteria for Specific Learning Disorders (SLD). Primary criticisms of the changes in the SLD concern…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Response to Intervention, Mental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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Snowling, Margaret J.; Hulme, Charles – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2012
This article reviews our understanding of reading disorders in children and relates it to current proposals for their classification in DSM-5. There are two different, commonly occurring, forms of reading disorder in children which arise from different underlying language difficulties. Dyslexia (as defined in DSM-5), or decoding difficulty, refers…
Descriptors: Phonology, Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Spelling
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Miller, Meghan; Young, Gregory S.; Hutman, Ted; Johnson, Scott; Schwichtenberg, A. J.; Ozonoff, Sally – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2015
Background: We evaluated early pragmatic language skills in preschool-age siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and examined correspondence between pragmatic language impairments and general language difficulties, autism symptomatology, and clinical outcomes. Methods: Participants were younger siblings of children with ASD…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Language Skills, Preschool Children, Siblings
Hart, Shelley R. – Communique, 2018
Bipolar disorder has been one of the more hotly contested revisions for the new "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" ("DSM-5"; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013). At the heart of the "DSM-5" debate has been the fundamental question, "Is the diagnosis of bipolar disorder…
Descriptors: Mental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, School Psychologists, Individualized Education Programs
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Ohan, Jeneva L.; Ellefson, Sarah E.; Corrigan, Patrick W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
In the DSM-5, "Asperger's Disorder" was incorporated into "Autistic Spectrum Disorder" (ASD). One key concern in this change has been that the ASD label will increase negative attitudes relative to the Asperger's label. To test this, we asked 465 American adults to read a vignette describing a child with autistic symptoms that…
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Vignettes
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Fletcher, Robert J.; Barnhill, Jarrett; McCarthy, Jane; Strydom, André – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2016
Recognizing the diagnostic challenges that clinicians face when attempting to arrive at an accurate psychiatric diagnosis for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) co-occurring with mental illness (MI), in 2007 the National Association for the Dually Diagnosed (NADD), in association with the American Psychiatric…
Descriptors: Mental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Intellectual Disability, Comorbidity
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Greaves-Lord, Kirstin; Eussen, Mart L. J. M.; Verhulst, Frank C.; Minderaa, Ruud B.; Mandy, William; Hudziak, James J.; Steenhuis, Mark Peter; de Nijs, Pieter F.; Hartman, Catharina A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
This study aimed to contribute to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) debates on the conceptualization of autism by investigating (1) whether empirically based distinct phenotypic profiles could be distinguished within a sample of mainly cognitively able children with pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), and (2) how profiles related to…
Descriptors: Profiles, Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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