ERIC Number: EJ1035511
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
To ID or Not to ID? Changes in Classification Rates of Intellectual Disability Using "DSM-5"
Papazoglou, Aimilia; Jacobson, Lisa A.; McCabe, Marie; Kaufmann, Walter; Zabel, T. Andrew
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, v52 n3 p165-174 Jun 2014
The "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition" ("DSM-5") diagnostic criteria for intellectual disability (ID) include a change to the definition of adaptive impairment. New criteria require impairment in one adaptive domain rather than two or more skill areas. The authors examined the diagnostic implications of using a popular adaptive skill inventory, the Adaptive Behavior Assessment System-Second Edition, with 884 clinically referred children (ages 6-16). One hundred sixty-six children met "DSM-IV-TR" criteria for ID; significantly fewer (n = 151, p = 0.001) met ID criteria under "DSM-5" (9% decrease). Implementation of "DSM-5" criteria for ID may substantively change the rate of ID diagnosis. These findings highlight the need for a combination of psychometric assessment and clinical judgment when implementing the adaptive deficits component of the "DSM-5" criteria for ID diagnosis.
Descriptors: Classification, Mental Retardation, Clinical Diagnosis, Children, Adolescents, Psychometrics, Criteria, Definitions, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044-1897. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail: AJMR@allenpress.com; Web site: http://aaidd.allenpress.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A