ERIC Number: EJ1000592
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Brief Report: Comparability of DSM-IV and DSM-5 ASD Research Samples
Mazefsky, C. A.; McPartland, J. C.; Gastgeb, H. Z.; Minshew, N. J.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v43 n5 p1236-1242 May 2013
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) criteria for ASD have been criticized for being too restrictive, especially for more cognitively-able individuals. It is unclear, however, if high-functioning individuals deemed eligible for research via standardized diagnostic assessments would meet DSM-5 criteria. This study investigated the impact of DSM-5 on the diagnostic status of 498 high-functioning participants with ASD research diagnoses. The percent of participants satisfying all DSM-5-requirements varied significantly with reliance on data from the "Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule" (ADOS; 33 %) versus "Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised" (ADI-R; 83 %), highlighting the impact of diagnostic methodology on ability to document DSM-5 symptoms. Utilizing combined ADOS/ADI-R data, 93 % of participants met DSM-5 criteria, which suggests likely continuity between DSM-IV and DSM-5 research samples characterized with these instruments in combination.
Descriptors: Sampling, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Ability, Criteria, Clinical Diagnosis, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Evaluation Methods
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule