ERIC Number: EJ734264
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Does Anticipation Training Affect Drivers' Risk Taking?
McKenna, Frank P.; Horswill, Mark S.; Alexander, Jane L.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, v12 n1 p1-10 Mar 2006
Skill and risk taking are argued to be independent and to require different remedial programs. However, it is possible to contend that skill-based training could be associated with an increase, a decrease, or no change in risk-taking behavior. In 3 experiments, the authors examined the influence of a skill-based training program (hazard perception) on the risk-taking behavior of car drivers (using video-based driving simulations). Experiment 1 demonstrated a decrease in risk taking for novice drivers. In Experiment 2, the authors examined the possibilities that the skills training might operate through either a nonspecific reduction in risk taking or a specific improvement in hazard perception. Evidence supported the latter. These findings were replicated in a more ecological context in Experiment 3, which compared advanced and nonadvanced police drivers.
Descriptors: Risk Management, Driver Education, Behavior Theories, Simulation, Hypothesis Testing, Skill Development, Interactive Video, Correlation, Experiential Learning
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A