ERIC Number: EJ990567
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Abstractor: As Provided
What Do Young Children Dream about?
Honig, Alice Sterling; Nealis, Arlene L.
Early Child Development and Care, v182 n6 p771-795 2012
Young children's dreams can be a way for teachers and caregivers to share with children and an opportunity for children to describe and even draw dreams. In two different preschool settings, in two different geographical locales, 94 children, aged 3-5 years, shared 266 dreams with a trusted, familiar teacher. Dreams were coded anonymously. The number of words in a dream varied from 3 to 157. Younger preschoolers reported significantly shorter dreams. Three-year-olds, contrary to previous research, were able to report dreams. Over 80% of the preschoolers' dreams included specific actions, and over a third of the dreams included three or more actions. More than 36% of the dreamers encountered and struggled with a "monster" protagonist. Family members, human strangers, TV/movie characters, and friends were prevalent in the dreams of young children. Scenarios differed by gender. Girls dreamed more frequently of family members. Boys reported more fighting and chasing. Dream themes of boys, compared with girls, were twice as likely to include monsters, wild animals, pets, and curiosity. Power themes were four times more prevalent in boys' dreams. Girls were twice as likely as boys to report joyful dreams. (Contains 5 tables and 3 figures.)
Descriptors: Females, Social Studies, Males, Caregivers, Young Children, Preschool Children, Early Childhood Education, Sleep, Human Body, Eye Movements, Preschool Teachers
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Colorado; New York