ERIC Number: EJ690418
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Jun
Reference Count: 58
Acute Stress Disorder as a Predictor of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Physical Assault Victims
Elklit, Ask; Brink, Ole
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, v19 n6 p709-726 Jun 2004
The authors' objective was to examine the ability of acute stress disorder (ASD) and other trauma-related factors in a group of physical assault victims in predicting post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 6 months later. Subjects included 214 victims of violence who completed a questionnaire 1 to 2 weeks after the assault, with 128 participating in the follow-up. Measures included the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, the Trauma Symptom Checklist, and the Crisis Support Scale. Twenty-two percent met the full PTSD diagnosis and 22% a subclinical PTSD diagnosis. Previous lifetime shock due to a traumatic event happening to someone close, threats during the assault, and dissociation explained 56% of PTSD variance. Inability to express feelings, hypervigilance, impairment, and hopelessness explained another 15% of PTSD variance. The dissociative, the reexperiencing, the avoidant, and the arousal criteria of the ASD diagnosis correctly classified 79% of the subsequent PTSD cases.
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Identification, Stress Variables, Emotional Response, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Victims of Crime, Clinical Diagnosis, Predictor Variables, Violence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A