ERIC Number: ED432375
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Jan
Evaluation of a Universally-Free School Breakfast Program Demonstration Project: Central Falls, Rhode Island.
Cook, John T.; Ohri-Vachaspati, Punam; Kelly, Gayle Leitch
In early 1994, Central Falls, Rhode Island's Kids First, a collaborative partnership between the Central Falls School Department and local community leaders, launched a pilot universally-free school breakfast program (UF-SBP) called "Operation Breakfast." One of the goals of Operation Breakfast was to improve SBP participation; school breakfast was made available to all children in the school district free of charge. A "rapid assessment" evaluation was conducted. The evaluation was designed to determine within a short period of time, using limited resources, and with minimum disruption of school activities and routines, how Operation Breakfast affected program participation and children's preparedness for school. Major findings of this evaluation were: (1) UF-SBP leads to significant increases in breakfast program participation; (2) UF-SBP increases participation most among nutritionally vulnerable and impoverished students; (3) UF-SBP led to significantly lower rates of tardiness and absence among participants; (4) fewer children entered their classrooms without having eaten any breakfast; (5) the breakfasts eaten by children who participate in the SBP consist of more nutritious foods and foods that are lower in fat and sugar content than breakfast foods eaten by non-participants; and (6) nutrient intakes of children in Central Falls schools who participate in the SBP are significantly better than the nutrient intakes of children who do not participate in the SBP. (An appendix details the study's methodology.) (EV)
Descriptors: Breakfast Programs, Community Programs, Demonstration Programs, Elementary Secondary Education, Nutrition, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation
Center on Hunger, Poverty and Nutrition Policy, Tufts University School of Nutrition Science and Policy, 11 Curtis Ave., Medford, MA 02155; Tel: 617-627-3956; Fax: 617-627-3020 ($4).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Tufts Univ., Medford, MA. Center on Hunger, Poverty and Nutrition Policy.
Identifiers - Location: Rhode Island