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Day, Talena C.; McNaughton, Kathryn A.; Naples, Adam J.; McPartland, James C. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
In adults with autism spectrum disorder, co-occurring psychiatric conditions are prevalent, and depression is one of the most common co-occurring disorders. This study examined the relationship between depression and cognitive ability, autism symptom severity, and self-reported social impairments in autism spectrum disorder. A total of 33 adults…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Predictor Variables
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Cremone-Caira, Amanda; Trier, Katherine; Sanchez, Victoria; Kohn, Brooke; Gilbert, Rachel; Faja, Susan – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Thirty to 80% of children with autism spectrum disorder also have symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Many children with autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder experience difficulties carrying out goal-directed behaviors, particularly when it comes to inhibiting responses. The aim of this study was…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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Esteban-Figuerola, Patricia; Morales-Hidalgo, Paula; Arija-Val, Victoria; Canals-Sans, Josefa – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Overweight and obesity have been reported to be more prevalent in populations with autism spectrum disorder than in children with typical development. The aim of this study was to compare the anthropometric status of children with autism spectrum disorder (diagnosed and subclinical) and children with typical development and analyse which variables…
Descriptors: Body Weight, Body Composition, Obesity, Autism
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Maddox, Brenna B.; Lecavalier, Luc; Miller, Judith S.; Pritchett, Jill; Hollway, Jill; White, Susan W.; Gillespie, Scott; Evans, Andrea N.; Schultz, Robert T.; Herrington, John D.; Bearss, Karen; Scahill, Lawrence – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Anxiety often co-occurs with autism spectrum disorder, yet there are few valid and reliable instruments for measuring anxiety in youth with autism spectrum disorder. This article describes the modification of the Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale for youth with autism spectrum disorder and systematic psychometric evaluation in a well-characterized…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Children, Adolescents, Rating Scales
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Haruvi-Lamdan, Nirit; Horesh, Danny; Zohar, Shani; Kraus, Meital; Golan, Ofer – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
People with Autism Spectrum Disorder show an increased risk of experiencing potentially traumatic events, particularly social victimization. However, Autism Spectrum Disorder and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder co-occurrence was hardly studied. We examined exposure to potentially traumatic life events and PTSD symptoms in adults with Autism…
Descriptors: Victims, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Espinoza, Juan C.; Deavenport-Saman, Alexis; Solomon, Olga; Chowdhuri, Sampreeti; Wee, Choo Phei; Azen, Collen; Orozco, Jazminne; Kreutzer, Cary; Yin, Larry – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Children with autism spectrum disorder are at increased risk for obesity compared to typically developing children. Many obesity intervention programs exclude children with autism spectrum disorder. There is little research on developmentally inclusive approaches to pediatric weight management. We examined the outcomes of children and families…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Brewer, Neil; Zoanetti, Jordana; Young, Robyn L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
We examined whether media reports linking criminal behaviour and autism spectrum disorder foster negative attitudes towards individuals with autism spectrum disorder. In a between-subjects design, participants were exposed to (a) a media story in which a murderer was labelled with autism spectrum disorder (media exposure condition) or not labelled…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Criminals, Mass Media Effects
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Drahota, Amy; Sadler, Richard; Hippensteel, Christopher; Ingersoll, Brooke; Bishop, Lauren – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Autism spectrum disorder and co-occurring symptoms often require lifelong services. However, access to autism spectrum disorder services is hindered by a lack of available autism spectrum disorder providers. We utilized geographic information systems methods to map autism spectrum disorder provider locations in Michigan. We hypothesized that (1)…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Geographic Information Systems, Socioeconomic Influences
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Rescorla, Leslie A.; Ghassabian, Akhgar; Ivanova, Masha Y.; Jaddoe, Vincent W. V.; Verhulst, Frank C.; Tiemeier, Henning – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Although the Child Behavior Checklist 1½-5's 12-item "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders"-Autism Spectrum Problems Scale (formerly called Pervasive Developmental Problems scale) has been used in several studies as an autism spectrum disorder screener, the base rate and stability of its items and its measurement model…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Check Lists, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Kim, Bora; Ha, Mina; Kim, Young Shin; Koh, Yun-Joo; Dong, Shan; Kwon, Ho-Jang; Kim, Young-Suk; Lim, Myung-Ho; Paik, Ki-Chung; Yoo, Seung-Jin; Kim, Hosanna; Hong, Patricia S.; Sanders, Stephan J.; Leventhal, Bennett L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Genetics, environment, and their interactions impact autism spectrum disorder etiology. Smoking is a suspected autism spectrum disorder risk factor due to biological plausibility and high prevalence. Using two large epidemiological samples, we examined whether autism spectrum disorder was associated with prenatal paternal smoking in a Discovery…
Descriptors: Prenatal Influences, Pregnancy, Genetics, Environmental Influences
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Li, Boya; Bos, Marieke G. N.; Stockmann, Lex; Rieffe, Carolien – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Children with autism spectrum disorder are at risk of developing internalizing and externalizing problems. However, information on early development of behavior problems and the contributing role of emotional functioning in preschool children with autism spectrum disorder is scarce. This study collected data of boys with and without autism…
Descriptors: Males, Behavior Problems, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Fisher, Marisa H.; Epstein, Richard A.; Urbano, Richard C.; Vehorn, Alison; Cull, Michael J.; Warren, Zachary – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Children with disabilities experience elevated rates of maltreatment, but little is known about the interaction of children with autism spectrum disorder with child protection systems. A population-based dataset of 24,306 children born in 2008 in Tennessee, which included 387 children with autism spectrum disorder identified through the Autism and…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Child Abuse
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Conner, Caitlin M.; White, Susan W.; Scahill, Lawrence; Mazefsky, Carla A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Youth with autism spectrum disorder are at elevated risk for impaired emotion regulation and clinically impairing anxiety. A prior developmental framework posited that impaired emotion regulation leads to co-occurring psychiatric conditions such as anxiety, with outcome determined in part by autism spectrum disorder-specific moderating factors.…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Bakhtiari, Reyhane; Hutchison, Sarah M.; Iarocci, Grace – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Self-report measures offer a unique source of information in the assessment and intervention of individuals with autism spectrum disorder. However, it is not known if children with autism spectrum disorder can answer self-report questionnaires accurately and consistently. As a step to address this issue, we examined validity indexes of the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Measurement Techniques, Child Behavior
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Lau, Boon Yen; Leong, Ruth; Uljarevic, Mirko; Lerh, Jian Wei; Rodgers, Jacqui; Hollocks, Matthew J.; South, Mikle; McConachie, Helen; Ozsivadjian, Ann; Van Hecke, Amy; Libove, Robin; Hardan, Antonio; Leekam, Susan; Simonoff, Emily; Magiati, Iliana – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Anxiety is common in autism spectrum disorder. Many anxiety symptoms in autism spectrum disorder are consistent with "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (5th ed.) anxiety disorders (termed "common" anxieties), but others may be qualitatively different, likely relating to autism spectrum disorder traits…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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