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Showing 76 to 90 of 595 results Save | Export
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Bares, Cristina B.; Delva, Jorge; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Andrade, Fernando – Social Work Research, 2011
Considerable research in the United States has established that adolescent antisocial, aggressive, and attention problem behaviors negatively influence adolescents' ability to become productive members of society. However, little is known about the development of these problems among adolescents in other countries. This study contributes to our…
Descriptors: Drug Abuse, Child Rearing, Inhibition, Parent Child Relationship
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Karimova, Aigul – Online Submission, 2015
Problem Statement: In our modern society, a burst of interest to the regularities of "children and parents" relations and development of personality in the context of a family has acquired. Research Questions: The family plays the main role in the formation of moral principles of a child. Purpose of the Study: The problem of relations of…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Family Role, Parent Child Relationship, Affective Behavior
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Blankstein, Udi; Chen, Jerry Y. W.; Mincic, Adina M.; McGrath, Patricia A.; Davis, Karen D. – Neuropsychologia, 2009
Extraversion and neuroticism influence behaviour and mood. Extreme expressions of these personality traits may predispose individuals to developing chronic functional pains and mood disorders that predominantly affect women. We acquired anatomical MRI scans and personality scores from healthy male and female adolescents and measured gray matter…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Females, Males, Social Cognition
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Bailey, Jennifer A.; Hill, Karl G.; Guttmannova, Katarina; Oesterle, Sabrina; Hawkins, J. David; Catalano, Richard F.; McMahon, Robert J. – Developmental Psychology, 2013
This study tested the association between parent illicit drug use disorder (DUD) in early adulthood and observed parenting practices at ages 27-28 and examined the following 3 theoretically derived models explaining this link: (a) a disrupted parent adult functioning model,(b) a preexisting parent personality factor model, and (c) a disrupted…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Parents, Child Behavior, Personality Traits
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De Pauw, Sarah S. W.; Mervielde, Ivan – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2010
The numerous temperament and personality constructs in childhood impede the systematic integration of findings on how these individual differences relate to developmental psychopathology. This paper reviews the main temperament and personality theories and proposes a theoretical taxonomy representing the common structure of both temperament and…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Antisocial Behavior, Psychopathology, Children
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Mason, W. Alex; Hawkins, J. David; Kosterman, Rick; Catalano, Richard F. – Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 2010
This study examines protective factors for young adult alcohol use disorders, depression, and comorbid alcohol use disorders and depression. Participants were recruited from all fifth-grade students attending 18 Seattle elementary schools. Of the 1,053 students eligible, 808 (77%) agreed to participate. Youths were surveyed when they were 10 years…
Descriptors: Drinking, Young Adults, Adolescents, Rewards
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Hentges, Rochelle F.; Madigan, Sheri; Tough, Suzanne; McDonald, Sheila; Graham, Susan A. – Developmental Psychology, 2021
The current study examined the interaction between maternal depressive symptoms and child temperament in predicting subsequent child language skills. Participants were 252 mother-child dyads recruited from the All Our Families longitudinal cohort, a primarily middle-class sample (62.9% completed postsecondary education) from Alberta, Canada (90.5%…
Descriptors: Mothers, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Language Acquisition
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Wong, Celia C. Y.; Mak, Winnie W. S. – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2013
Research shows that sociotropy, autonomy, and self-criticism are cognitive-personality vulnerability styles contributing significantly to the development of depression symptoms, but little is known about the factors that may protect sociotropic, autonomous, and self-critical individuals against mental health problems. The present study examined…
Descriptors: Altruism, Depression (Psychology), Foreign Countries, Criticism
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Landry, Oriane; Chouinard, Philippe A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The broader autism phenotype (BAP) is a term applied to individuals with personality and cognitive traits that are similar to but milder than those observed in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Subtle autistic traits in the core diagnostic domains of social communication and rigid behavior were described in family members of people with an ASD even…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetics, Personality Traits
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Spinhoven, Philip; Giesen-Bloo, Josephine; van Dyck, Richard; Kooiman, Kees; Arntz, Arnoud – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2007
This study investigated the quality and development of the therapeutic alliance as a mediator of change in schema-focused therapy (SFT) and transference-focused psychotherapy (TFP) for borderline personality disorder. Seventy-eight patients were randomly allocated to 3 years of biweekly SFT or TFP. Scores of both therapists and patients for the…
Descriptors: Patients, Personality, Personality Problems, Psychotherapy
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Huebner, Thomas; Vloet, Timo D.; Marx, Ivo; Konrad, Kerstin; Fink, Gereon R.; Herpertz, Sabine C.; Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2008
Conduct disorder (CD) is associated with antisocial personality behavior that violates the basic rights of others. Results, on examining the structural brain aberrations in boys' CD, show that boys with CD and cormobid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder showed abnormalities in frontolimbic areas that could contribute to antisocial…
Descriptors: Antisocial Behavior, Hyperactivity, Brain, Males
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de la Torre, Jimmy; van der Ark, L. Andries; Rossi, Gina – Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 2018
We propose a general cognitive diagnosis model framework to diagnose mental disorders using item scores obtained from clinical measurement instruments. This framework can be used to validate the extent to which the items measure the specific disorders. The method is illustrated using data obtained with the Dutch version of Millon Clinical…
Descriptors: Mental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Diagnostic Tests, Cognitive Measurement
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Rapee, Ronald M.; Coplan, Robert J. – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2010
Fearful temperaments have been identified as a major risk factor for anxiety disorders. However, descriptions of fearful temperament and several forms of anxiety disorder show strong similarities. This raises the question whether these terms may simply refer to different aspects of the same underlying construct. The current review examines…
Descriptors: Risk, Personality Traits, Anxiety Disorders, Fear
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Hirshfeld-Becker, Dina R. – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2010
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common disorder that can lead to significant impairment. In this chapter, the author provides background on the disorder and reviews hypothesized familial and temperamental risk factors. In particular, it highlights the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Longitudinal Study of Children at Risk for Anxiety, now…
Descriptors: Risk, Anxiety Disorders, Personality Traits, Longitudinal Studies
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Zimmer-Gembeck, Melanie J.; Gardner, Alex A.; Hawes, Tanya; Masters, Mitchell R.; Waters, Allison M.; Farrell, Lara J. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2021
Rejection sensitivity is a bias toward expecting rejection that can result from negative social experiences and degrade emotional adjustment. In this study, rejection sensitivity was expected to predict patterns of adolescent social anxiety over 5 years when considered alongside other known or expected risk and protective factors: peer rejection…
Descriptors: Rejection (Psychology), Anxiety Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Adolescents
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