ERIC Number: EJ788087
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
The Relationship between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Child Temperament
Foley, Marie; McClowry, Sandra Graham; Castellanos, Francisco X.
Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, v29 n2 p157-169 Mar-Apr 2008
This study examined empirical and theoretical differences and similarities between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and child temperament in 32 ADHD children aged 6-11 years, and a comparison group of 23 children with similar sociodemographic characteristics. Children were assessed for ADHD symptoms (hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention) and dimensions of child temperament (negative reactivity, task persistence, activity, attentional focusing, impulsivity, and inhibitory control) using standardized parent reports and interviews. Symptoms of ADHD and temperament dimensions were correlated; children in the ADHD group had significantly higher scores on negative reactivity, activity and impulsivity, and lower scores on task persistence, attentional focusing and inhibitory control than normative samples. Results indicate that although the constructs of ADHD and temperament have been regarded as two separate bodies of knowledge, theoretical and empirical overlaps exist. Applied implications are discussed.
Descriptors: Conceptual Tempo, Persistence, Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Personality, Children, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Measures (Individuals), Attention Control, Task Analysis, Inhibition, Interviews, Parent Attitudes, Scores
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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