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Fernandes, Lucrecia Cabral; Gillberg, Carina I.; Cederlund, Mats; Hagberg, Bibbi; Gillberg, Christopher; Billstedt, Eva – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
The literature concerning sexuality in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is limited regarding inappropriate sexual behaviours and paraphilias and its relation to age, verbal ability, symptom severity, intellectual ability, or adaptive functioning. A cohort of 184 adolescents and young adults (ages 15-39 years) with ASD diagnosed in childhood,…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Age Differences
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Moss, Joanna; Oliver, Chris; Nelson, Lisa; Richards, Caroline; Hall, Scott – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
An atypical presentation of autism spectrum disorder is noted in Cornelia de Lange and Fragile X syndromes, but there are few detailed empirical descriptions. Participants in this study were individuals with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (n = 130, M age = 17.19), Fragile X syndrome (n = 182, M age = 16.94), and autism spectrum disorder (n = 142, M…
Descriptors: Profiles, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetic Disorders
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Keith, Jessica M.; Jamieson, Jeremy P.; Bennetto, Loisa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined the impact of noise on cognitive performance in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), while concurrently measuring sympathetic responses. Adolescents with and without ASD completed visually presented span tasks in a 2 × 2 experimental manipulation of noise (quiet vs. 75 dB gated broadband noise) and task difficulty (easier vs.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Acoustics
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Moulton, Emily; Barton, Marianne; Robins, Diana L.; Abrams, Danielle N.; Fein, Deborah – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Although for many children, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a lifelong disability, a subset of children with ASD lose their diagnosis and show typical cognitive and adaptive abilities. The ages at which this transition can occur is not known, but it sometimes occurs quite early. Participants in the current study were 207 children with an ASD at…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Preschool Children, Clinical Diagnosis
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Bekele, Esubalew; Crittendon, Julie A.; Swanson, Amy; Sarkar, Nilanjan; Warren, Zachary E. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2014
It has been argued that clinical applications of advanced technology may hold promise for addressing impairments associated with autism spectrum disorders. This pilot feasibility study evaluated the application of a novel adaptive robot-mediated system capable of both administering and automatically adjusting joint attention prompts to a small…
Descriptors: Robotics, Young Children, Autism, Assistive Technology
Alexander, Ryan M. – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Intelligence tests and adaptive behavior scales measure vital aspects of the multidimensional nature of human functioning. Assessment of each is a required component in the diagnosis or identification of intellectual disability, and both are frequently used conjointly in the assessment and identification of other developmental disabilities. The…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities, Correlation
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Ventola, Pamela; Saulnier, Celine A.; Steinberg, Elizabeth; Chawarska, Katarzyna; Klin, Ami – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Individuals with ASD have significant impairments in adaptive skills, particularly adaptive socialization skills. The present study examined the extent to which 20 items from the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-Socialization Domain differentiated between ASD and developmentally delayed (DD) groups. Participants included 108 toddlers with ASD or…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Toddlers, Socialization
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Kanne, Stephen M.; Gerber, Andrew J.; Quirmbach, Linda M.; Sparrow, Sara S.; Cicchetti, Domenic V.; Saulnier, Celine A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2011
The relationship between adaptive functioning and autism symptomatology was examined in 1,089 verbal youths with ASD examining results on Vineland-II, IQ, and measures of ASD severity. Strong positive relationships were found between Vineland subscales and IQ. Vineland Composite was negatively associated with age. IQ accounted a significant amount…
Descriptors: Autism, Intelligence Quotient, Adjustment (to Environment), Severity (of Disability)
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Bolton, Sorcha; Robinson, Oliver J. – Learning & Memory, 2017
Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health disorders, and daily transient feelings of anxiety (or "stress") are ubiquitous. However, the precise impact of both transient and pathological anxiety on higher-order cognitive functions, including short- and long-term memory, is poorly understood. A clearer understanding of the…
Descriptors: Trauma, Memory, Recognition (Psychology), Verbal Communication
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Matthews, Nicole L.; Pollard, Elena; Ober-Reynolds, Sharman; Kirwan, Janet; Malligo, Amanda; Smith, Christopher J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Profiles of performance on the Stanford Binet Intelligence Scales (SB5) and Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS) were examined in 73 children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. SB5 cognitive profiles were observed to be similar between participants with and without early language delay, but different between participants with and…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Adolescents, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Zeedyk, Sasha M.; Tipton, Leigh Ann; Blacher, Jan – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2016
This article provides direction for educational decision making specifically for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), who have the cognitive and adaptive capabilities required to pursue postsecondary college education. The purpose is to draw attention to the available postsecondary pathways, 2- and 4-year college options, by addressing…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Postsecondary Education, Student Personnel Services
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Bonuck, Karen; Grant, Roy – Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2012
Sleep disorders negatively impact behavior, cognition, and growth--the same areas targeted by early intervention. Conversely, developmental delays and disabilities may themselves precipitate sleep disorders. Young children with developmental delays experience sleep disorders at a higher rate than do typically developing children; the most common…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Sleep, Developmental Delays, Disabilities
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Papazoglou, Aimilia; Jacobson, Lisa A.; McCabe, Marie; Kaufmann, Walter; Zabel, T. Andrew – Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
The "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition" ("DSM-5") diagnostic criteria for intellectual disability (ID) include a change to the definition of adaptive impairment. New criteria require impairment in one adaptive domain rather than two or more skill areas. The authors examined the diagnostic…
Descriptors: Classification, Mental Retardation, Clinical Diagnosis, Children
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Tan, Mei; Reich, Jodi; Hart, Lesley; Thuma, Philip E.; Grigorenko, Elena L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Generally accepted as universal, the construct of adaptive behavior differs in its manifestations across different cultures and settings. The Vineland-II (Sparrow et al. in "Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second edn." AGS Publishing, Circle Pines, MN, 2005) was translated into Chitonga and adapted to the setting of rural Southern…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Rural Areas, Adjustment (to Environment), Case Studies
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Salomone, Erica; Shephard, Elizabeth; Milosavljevic, Bosiljka; Johnson, Mark H.; Charman, Tony; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Bedford, Rachael; Bolton, Patrick; Chandler, Susie; Elsabbagh, Mayada; Fernandes, Janice; Garwood, Holly; Gliga, Teodora; Hudry, Kristelle; Jones, Emily J. H.; Pasco, Greg; Pickles, Andrew; Tucker, Leslie; Volein, Agnes – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Cognitive and adaptive behaviour abilities early in life provide important clinical prognostic information. We examined stability of such skills in children at high familial risk for ASD who either met diagnostic criteria for ASD at age 7 years (HR-ASD, n = 15) or did not (HR-non-ASD, n = 24) and low-risk control children (LR, n = 37),…
Descriptors: Children, At Risk Persons, Cognitive Ability, Behavior Problems
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