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Showing 1 to 15 of 26 results Save | Export
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Peart, Tasha; Velasco Mondragon, H. Eduardo; Rohm-Young, Deborah; Bronner, Yvonne; Hossain, Mian B. – American Journal of Health Behavior, 2011
Objectives: To assess associations of physical activity, diet, and sedentary behaviors with overweight and obesity. Methods: Analyses of the NHANES 2003-06 were conducted among 2368 US adolescents, ages 12-19. Self-reported diet and sedentary behavior measures were used; physical activity was assessed using accelerometers. Results:…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Obesity, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level
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Brazendale, Keith; Beets, Michael W.; Turner-McGrievy, Gabrielle M.; Kaczynski, Andrew T.; Pate, Russell R.; Weaver, Robert G. – Journal of School Health, 2018
BACKGROUND: Evidence consistently shows children in the United States gain 3 to 5 times more weight during summer vacation (~2.5 months) compared to the 9-month school year. The purpose of this study is to examine within-child differences in 4 obesogenic behaviors (physical activity [PA], sedentary/screen-time, diet, and sleep) during school…
Descriptors: Child Health, Body Weight, Obesity, Health Behavior
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Ezendam, Nicole P. M.; Springer, Andrew E.; Brug, Johannes; Oenema, Anke; Hoelscher, Deanna H. – Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 2011
Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the change in energy balance-related behaviors from 2000-2002 to 2004-2005 between 2 Texas regions with distinct patterns in obesity prevalence (decrease in the El Paso region [EP] and leveling off in the Rio Grande Valley region [RGV]) and to determine the role of the behaviors in the difference in…
Descriptors: Television Viewing, Obesity, Body Composition, Physical Activities
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Baldwin, Wendy – Journal of Research on Adolescence, 2013
Adolescence is a critical developmental stage and an opportunity to set a positive course for future health and well-being. Adolescence may be the "last best chance" to address some of the behaviors that can have significant repercussions for an individual's health trajectory, specifically the path to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Why should…
Descriptors: Chronic Illness, Disease Control, Adolescents, Health Behavior
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Stice, Eric; Shaw, Heather; Marti, C. Nathan – Psychological Bulletin, 2006
This meta-analytic review summarizes obesity prevention programs and their effects and investigates participant, intervention, delivery, and design features associated with larger effects. A literature search identified 64 prevention programs seeking to produce weight gain prevention effects, of which 21% produced significant prevention effects…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Obesity, Prevention, Children
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Health Educator, 2005
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans [Dietary Guidelines] provides science-based advice to promote health and to reduce risk for major chronic diseases through diet and physical activity. Major causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States are related to poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle. Some specific diseases linked to poor diet and…
Descriptors: Health Promotion, Guidelines, Physical Activities, Obesity
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Norman, Åsa; Bohman, Benjamin; Nyberg, Gisela; Schäfer Elinder, Liselotte – Health Education & Behavior, 2018
Background: According to social cognitive theory, self-efficacy is central to behavior change. Consequently, parental self-efficacy (PSE) for influencing children's dietary, physical activity (PA), sedentary, and screen time behaviors is important for child obesity prevention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of an…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Parents, Parent Influence, Measures (Individuals)
Strout, Erin – Chronicle of Higher Education, 2007
The American College Health Association estimates that three out of every 10 college students are overweight or obese. Both terms denote ranges of weight that are greater than what is considered healthy for a given height and have been shown to increase the likelihood of diseases. Over the past two decades, the number of American children who are…
Descriptors: College Students, Disease Control, Obesity, Child Health
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Ferrar, Katia; Golley, Rebecca – Health Education & Behavior, 2015
Risk factors for adolescent overweight and obesity include low levels of physical activity, high levels of sedentary behavior, low fruit and vegetable intake, and low socioeconomic position (SEP). To date, the vast majority of research investigating associations between lifestyle behaviors and weight status analyze dietary and time use factors…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Dietetics, Obesity, Socioeconomic Status
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Parekh, Niyati; Henriksson, Pontus; Delisle Nyström, Christine; Silfvernagel, Kristin; Ruiz, Jonatan R.; Ortega, Francisco B.; Pomeroy, Jeremy; Löf, Marie – Health Education & Behavior, 2018
Background: High parental self-efficacy (PSE) has been associated with healthy diets and higher levels of physical activity (PA) in children; however, data on PSE in relation to body weight and body composition are scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of PSE with measures of diet, PA, body composition, and physical…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Dietetics, Physical Activity Level, Body Composition
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Apekey, Tanefa A.; Morris, A. E. J.; Fagbemi, S.; Griffiths, G. J. – Health Education Journal, 2012
Objective: Despite the health benefits, many people do not undertake regular exercise. This study investigated the effects of moderate-intensity exercise on cardiorespiratory fitness (lung age, blood pressure and maximal aerobic power, VO[subscript 2]max), serum lipids concentration and body mass index (BMI) in sedentary overweight/obese adults…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Obesity, Body Composition, Exercise
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Dumuid, Dorothea; Olds, Timothy; Martín-Fernández, Josep-Antoni; Lewis, Lucy K.; Cassidy, Leah; Maher, Carol – Health Education & Behavior, 2017
Poor academic performance has been linked with particular lifestyle behaviors, such as unhealthy diet, short sleep duration, high screen time, and low physical activity. However, little is known about how lifestyle behavior patterns (or combinations of behaviors) contribute to children's academic performance. We aimed to compare academic…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Life Style, Multivariate Analysis
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Lindsay, Ana C.; Sussner, Katarina M.; Greaney, Mary L.; Peterson, Karen E. – Health Education & Behavior, 2009
As more U.S. children grow up in Latino families, understanding how social class, culture, and environment influence feeding practices is key to preventing obesity. The authors conducted six focus groups and 20 in-depth interviews among immigrant, low-income Latina mothers in the Northeast United States and classified 17 emergent themes from…
Descriptors: Social Class, Obesity, Prevention, Physical Activities
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Bowden, Rodney G.; Lanning, Beth A.; Doyle, Eva I.; Slonaker, Becky; Johnston, Holly M.; Scanes, Georgene – Journal of American College Health, 2007
Objective: The authors' purpose in this study was to compare the effects of macronutrient intake on systemic glucose levels in previously sedentary participants who followed 1 of 4 diets that were either higher protein or high carbohydrate, while initiating an exercise program. Participants and Methods: The authors randomly assigned 94 sedentary…
Descriptors: Exercise, Older Adults, Dietetics, Metabolism
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Marks, Beth; Sisirak, Jasmina; Magallanes, Rubia; Krok, Kristin; Donohue-Chase, Dina – Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2019
Effective strategies to improve health education, food choices, and physical activity are vital for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), as their sedentary lifestyles and high fat diets are contributing to poor health, such as cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, hypertension, Type II diabetes, and obesity. This study…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities, Health Promotion, Exercise
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