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Carrigan, Ann J.; Stoodley, Paul; Ng, Kenny; Moerel, Denise; Wiggins, Mark W. – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2021
Echocardiographers can detect abnormalities accurately and rapidly from dynamic images. This is likely due to the application of cue-based associations resident in memory, a process known as cue utilization. This study investigated whether cue utilization is associated with the ability to apply within-domain capabilities (dynamic) to more degraded…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Radiology, Cues, Identification
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Juergensen, Kaitlin; Mattingly, Rhonda; Pitts, Teresa; Smith, Alan F. – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2021
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder whose symptoms may involve deficits across three domains: communication, socialization and atypical behaviors or interests. With a high prevalence across populations and a tendency to impact males more than females, early and accurate diagnosis appears critical. The most…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Preschool Children, Clinical Diagnosis
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McQuaid, Goldie A.; Pelphrey, Kevin A.; Bookheimer, Susan Y.; Dapretto, Mirella; Webb, Sara J.; Bernier, Raphael A.; McPartland, James C.; Van Horn, John D.; Wallace, Gregory L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Adaptive functioning, or the suite of skills essential for real-world, day-to-day functioning, includes daily living, communication, and socialization abilities. Even in the absence of co-occurring intellectual disability (IQ < 70), difficulties in adaptive functioning are prominent in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Further, ASD individuals…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intelligence Quotient, Gender Differences
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Reisman, Fredricka; Keiser, Larry; Otti, Obinna – Creativity Research Journal, 2016
The Reisman Diagnostic Creativity Assessment (RDCA) is a free online self-report creativity assessment that provides immediate feedback to the user and is diagnostic, rather than predictive, with the focus on making the user aware of creative strengths and weaknesses. Several engineering and teacher education studies have included the RDCA over a…
Descriptors: Creativity, Creativity Tests, Creative Development, Computer Oriented Programs
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Skaggs, Gary; Hein, Serge F.; Wilkins, Jesse L. M. – Journal of Educational Measurement, 2016
This article introduces the Diagnostic Profiles (DP) standard setting method for setting a performance standard on a test developed from a cognitive diagnostic model (CDM), the outcome of which is a profile of mastered and not-mastered skills or attributes rather than a single test score. In the DP method, the key judgment task for panelists is a…
Descriptors: Models, Standard Setting, Profiles, Diagnostic Tests
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Yuan, Bei; Wang, Minhong; van Merriënboer, Jeroen; Tao, Xu; Kushniruk, Andre; Peng, Jun – Vocations and Learning, 2020
Reflection plays an important role in medical students' ability to develop diagnostic competence through practice with clinical cases. However, it is not easy for students to develop expert-like performance through self-reflection alone; conversely, seeking feedback from experts constantly in practice is impractical. This study investigates the…
Descriptors: Reflection, Feedback (Response), Computer Assisted Instruction, Clinical Diagnosis
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Hoyer, Annika; Kuss, Oliver – Research Synthesis Methods, 2020
Diagnostic accuracy studies often evaluate diagnostic tests at several threshold values, aiming to make recommendations on optimal thresholds for use in practice. Methods for meta-analysis of full receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves have been proposed but still have deficiencies. We recently proposed a parametric approach that is based…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Research Methodology, Accuracy, Meta Analysis
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Mamatha, Nerale Maraiah; Yathiraj, Asha – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2020
Purpose: The study aimed to compare auditory processing and cognitive test scores measured in a clinical setting with that measured in a school setting using a repeated-measures design. This was done on typically developing children and children with auditory processing disorder (APD). Method: Thirty-two children (16 typically developing and 16…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Auditory Perception, Perceptual Impairments, Young Children
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Chernikova, Olga; Heitzmann, Nicole; Fink, Maximilian Christian; Timothy, Venance; Seidel, Tina; Fischer, Frank – Educational Psychology Review, 2020
Facilitating diagnostic competences is an important objective of higher education for many professions. This meta-analysis of 35 empirical studies builds on a conceptual framework and investigates the role of problem-solving, scaffolding, and context to foster diagnostic competences in learners with lower and higher professional knowledge bases. A…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Higher Education, Guidelines, Problem Solving
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Cumming, Alister – Language Testing, 2015
The studies documented in the four articles in this special issue uniquely exemplify principles of design-based research as follows: by taking innovative approaches to significant problems in the contexts of real educational practices; by addressing fundamental pedagogical and policy issues related to language, learning, and teaching; and, in the…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Research Methodology, Instructional Design, Educational Assessment
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Camodeca, Amy; Todd, Kylie Q.; Croyle, Jennifer – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Investigated internal consistency reliability and criterion validity of the Asperger Syndrome Diagnostic Scale (ASDS) in a well-characterized sample of 120 children ([X-bar][subscript age] = 9.91; autism [AUT] n = 54; non-autism [NOT] n = 66) who completed comprehensive outpatient evaluations with a gold-standard measure, the Autism Diagnostic…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Test Reliability, Asperger Syndrome, Children
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Zhan, Peida – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2020
Timely diagnostic feedback is helpful for students and teachers, enabling them to adjust their learning and teaching plans according to a current diagnosis. Motivated by the practical concern that the simultaneity estimation strategy currently adopted by longitudinal learning diagnosis models does not provide timely diagnostic feedback, this study…
Descriptors: Markov Processes, Formative Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Feedback (Response)
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Wildgans-Lang, Angelika; Scheuerer, Sarah; Obersteiner, Andreas; Fischer, Frank; Reiss, Kristina – ZDM: The International Journal on Mathematics Education, 2020
Diagnostic competences are an essential facet of teacher competence. Many studies have investigated the "quality" of teachers' judgments of students' competences. However, little is known about the processes that lead to these judgments and about the ways to promote these processes in the early phase of teacher training. The aim of the…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Teachers, Teacher Competencies, Computer Simulation
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Esomonu, Nkechi Patricia-Mary; Eleje, Lydia Ijeoma – World Journal of Education, 2020
This study aimed at investigating the effect of diagnostic testing on students' academic achievement in secondary school quantitative economics. In conducting the study, 3 research questions and 3 stated hypotheses were answered. The study is quasi-experimental employing 2x4 factorial pretest-posttest design. The sample consisted of 210 Senior…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Academic Achievement, Economics Education, Diagnostic Tests
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Korevaar, Daniël A.; Salameh, Jean-Paul; Vali, Yasaman; Cohen, Jérémie F.; McInnes, Matthew D. F.; Spijker, René; Bossuyt, Patrick M. – Research Synthesis Methods, 2020
Introduction: Many diagnostic accuracy studies are never reported in full in a peer-reviewed journal. Searching for unpublished studies may avoid bias due to selective publication, enrich the power of systematic reviews, and thereby help to reduce research waste. We assessed searching practices among recent systematic reviews of diagnostic…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Accuracy, Research Reports, Bibliographic Databases
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