ERIC Number: EJ918661
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Correlates of Dietary Intake in Youth with Diabetes: Results from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study
Bortsov, Andrey; Liese, Angela D.; Bell, Ronny A.; Dabelea, Dana; D'Agostino, Ralph B., Jr.; Hamman, Richard F.; Klingensmith, Georgeanna J.; Lawrence, Jean M.; Maahs, David M.; McKeown, Robert; Marcovina, Santica M.; Thomas, Joan; Mayer-Davis, Elizabeth J.
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v43 n2 p123-129 Mar-Apr 2011
Objective: To explore demographic, socioeconomic, diabetes-related, and behavioral correlates of dietary intake of dairy, fruit, vegetables, sweetened soda, fiber, calcium, and saturated fat in youth with diabetes. Methods: Cross-sectional study of youth 10-22 years old with type 1 (T1DM, n = 2,176) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM, n = 365). Association of dietary intake, demographics, socioeconomic status, behavioral, and diabetes-related measures was explored with quantile regression. Results: T1DM males had lower consumption of vegetables, fruit, and fiber, and higher consumption of soda and saturated fat than females (P less than 0.01). African Americans had lower dairy and higher soda intake than non-Hispanic T1DM whites (P less than 0.01). Soda consumption was higher in older T2DM youth than in younger participants (P less than 0.01). Lifestyle and physical activity patterns were also significantly associated with dietary intake. Conclusions and Implications: Identified demographic and behavioral correlates may help dietitians to focus on groups of youth with diabetes who have lower adherence to a healthful diet. Diet counseling groups may be tailored according to these major determinants.
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Diabetes, Dietetics, Eating Habits, Correlation, Case Studies, Socioeconomic Status, Gender Differences, Regression (Statistics), Age Differences, Youth
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A