ERIC Number: EJ739415
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Longitudinal Relations among Parenting, Best Friends, and Early Adolescent Problem Behavior: Testing Bidirectional Effects
Reitz, Ellen; Dekovic, Maja; Meijer, Anne Marie; Engels, Rutger C. M. E.
Journal of Early Adolescence, v26 n3 p272-295 2006
In this longitudinal study, the bidirectional relations between parenting and friends' deviance, on one hand, and early adolescent externalizing and internalizing problem behavior, on the other hand, are examined. Of the 650 adolescents (13- to 14-year-olds) who filled out the Youth Self-Report and questionnaires about their parents at two times within a 1-year interval, 141 adolescents could be paired, at both assessments, with the same best friend who also filled out the questionnaires. Stable friends were used as a control for selection effects within friendships. The results showed significant effects of adolescent externalizing and internalizing problem behavior on parenting 1 year later, but not vice versa. Friends' deviance affected adolescent externalizing but not internalizing problem behavior over time. The inclusion of friends' self-reports about their own behavior and the examination of reciprocal effects seems to be a step forward in understanding the processes among parents, peers, and early adolescent problem behavior. (Contains 2 tables and 2 figures.)
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Child Rearing, Adolescents, Longitudinal Studies, Behavior Problems, Friendship, Questionnaires, Behavior Patterns, Parent Child Relationship, Measurement Techniques
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
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