ERIC Number: EJ788751
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Gross Motor Development, Movement Abnormalities, and Early Identification of Autism
Ozonoff, Sally; Young, Gregory S.; Goldring, Stacy; Greiss-Hess, Laura; Herrera, Adriana M.; Steele, Joel; Macari, Suzanne; Hepburn, Susan; Rogers, Sally J.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v38 n4 p644-656 Apr 2008
Gross motor development (supine, prone, rolling, sitting, crawling, walking) and movement abnormalities were examined in the home videos of infants later diagnosed with autism (regression and no regression subgroups), developmental delays (DD), or typical development. Group differences in maturity were found for walking, prone, and supine, with the DD and Autism-No Regression groups both showing later developing motor maturity than typical children. The only statistically significant differences in movement abnormalities were in the DD group; the two autism groups did not differ from the typical group in rates of movement abnormalities or lack of protective responses. These findings do not replicate previous investigations suggesting that early motor abnormalities seen on home video can assist in early identification of autism.
Descriptors: Maturity (Individuals), Psychomotor Skills, Physical Activities, Autism, Identification, Developmental Delays, Motor Development, Videotape Recordings
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A