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Delcenserie, Audrey; Genesee, Fred; Trudeau, Natacha; Champoux, François – Journal of Child Language, 2021
Pierce "et al." (2017) have proposed that variations in the timing, quality and quantity of language input during the earliest stages of development are related to variations in the development of phonological working memory and, in turn, to later language learning outcomes. To examine this hypothesis, three groups of children who are…
Descriptors: Phonology, At Risk Persons, Linguistic Input, Short Term Memory
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Horn, Sebastian S.; Bayen, Ute J.; Michalkiewicz, Martha – Child Development, 2021
Younger children's free recall from episodic memory is typically less organized than recall by older children. To investigate if and how repeated learning opportunities help children use organizational strategies that improve recall, the authors analyzed category clustering across four study-test cycles. Seven-year-olds, 10-year-olds, and young…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Cognitive Processes, Young Children, Young Adults
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Hansen, Laura Birke; Macizo, Pedro; Duñabeitia, Jon Andoni; Saldaña, David; Carreiras, Manuel; Fuentes, Luis J.; Bajo, M. Teresa – Language Learning, 2016
The present research explores working memory (WM) development in monolingual as well as emergent bilingual children immersed in an L2 at school. Evidence from recent years suggests that bilingualism may boost domain-general executive control, but impair nonexecutive linguistic processing. Both are relevant for verbal WM, but different paradigms…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Second Language Learning, Naming, Verbal Ability
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Jack, Fiona; MacDonald, Shelley; Reese, Elaine; Hayne, Harlene – Child Development, 2009
Individual differences in parental reminiscing style are hypothesized to have long-lasting effects on children's autobiographical memory development, including the age of their earliest memories. This study represents the first prospective test of this hypothesis. Conversations about past events between 17 mother-child dyads were recorded on…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Mothers, Young Children, Adolescents
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Naito, Mika; Hotta, Chie; Toichi, Motomi – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
To investigate the early development of episodic memory and future thinking in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we selected 94 participants each from a group of ASD and typically developing (TD) preschoolers. They were required to remember newly-acquired knowledge sources and anticipate action timings necessary for future events. Five-year-old…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Memory
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Yang, Xiujie; Qiao, Linyan – Infant and Child Development, 2021
The present study aimed to examine how visual skills, verbal working memory, visuospatial working memory, and other general cognitive skills (inhibitory control, attention, and decision speed) were simultaneously correlated with the early acquisition of reading among kindergarten children. A total of 99 Chinese children were tested individually on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Visual Perception, Short Term Memory, Spatial Ability
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Brainerd, C. J.; Reyna, V. F.; Holliday, R. E. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
We report the 1st example of a true complementarity effect in memory development--a situation in which memory for the "same event" simultaneously becomes more and less accurate between early childhood and adulthood. We investigated this paradoxical effect because fuzzy-trace theory predicts that it can occur in paradigms that produce…
Descriptors: Memory, Cognitive Development, Age Differences, Children
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Fivush, Robyn – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2019
The sociocultural developmental model of autobiographical memory development has been a highly generative theoretical framework over the past 30 years, garnering both a great deal of empirical attention and support. In this article, the author details the theoretical framework and reviews the empirical evidence that indicates that individual…
Descriptors: Autobiographies, Memory, Individual Differences, Mothers
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Cottini, Milvia; Basso, Demis; Pieri, Alessandro; Palladino, Paola – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
This study investigated developmental differences in metacognitive monitoring and control in younger (5- to 6-year-old) and older (8- to 10-year-old) children's prospective memory (PM). Metacognitive monitoring was assessed by asking the children to judge their performance before (prediction) and after (postdiction) performing a resource-demanding…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Age Differences, Memory, Task Analysis
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Alloway, Tracy; Lepere, Alexus – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 2021
The aim of the present study was to investigate sustained attention and working memory in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as this issue has not been widely investigated in this population. Children with ASD were age-matched with children diagnosed with dyslexia based on standardised reading assessments. All children were administered…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Short Term Memory, Children, Autism
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Clark, Katherine M.; Hardman, Kyle O.; Schachtman, Todd R.; Saults, J. Scott; Glass, Bret A.; Cowan, Nelson – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Recent advances in understanding visual working memory, the limited information held in mind for use in ongoing processing, are extended here to examine auditory working memory development. Research with arrays of visual objects has shown how to distinguish the capacity, in terms of the "number" of objects retained, from the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Auditory Perception, Acoustics
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Fandakova, Yana; Gruber, Matthias J. – Developmental Science, 2021
Curiosity -- broadly defined as the desire to acquire new information -- enhances learning and memory in adults. In addition, interest in the information (i.e., when the information is processed) can also facilitate later memory. To date, it is not known how states of pre-information curiosity and post-information interest enhance memory in…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Interests, Learning Processes, Memory
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May, Cynthia P.; Dein, Anthony; Ford, Jaclyn – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2020
Flashbulb memories are vivid and salient memories for the moment one hears about a surprising, emotional, and significant event. The current research examined flashbulb memories for a loved one's medical diagnosis, focusing on individual and situational factors associated with memory development and endurance over time. An online survey collected…
Descriptors: Memory, Clinical Diagnosis, Influences, Mothers
Simms, Nina K.; Frausel, Rebecca R.; Richland, Lindsey E. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Analogical reasoning is a fundamental cognitive skill of drawing relationships between representations, often between prior knowledge and new representations, that allows for bootstrapping cognitive and language development (Gentner, 2003). Analogical reasoning proficiency develops substantially during childhood, though the mechanisms underlying…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Predictor Variables, Logical Thinking, Children
Plebanek, Daniel J.; Sloutsky, Vladimir M. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Selective attention is fundamental for learning across many situations, yet it exhibits protracted development, with young children often failing to filter out distractors. In this research, we examine links between selective attention and working memory (WM) capacity across development. One possibility is that WM is resource-limited, with…
Descriptors: Attention, Young Children, Short Term Memory, Child Development
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