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Lee, Joshua K.; Wendelken, Carter; Bunge, Silvia A.; Ghetti, Simona – Child Development, 2016
This research investigated whether episodic memory development can be explained by improvements in relational binding processes, involved in forming novel associations between events and the context in which they occurred. Memory for item-space, item-time, and item-item relations was assessed in an ethnically diverse sample of 151 children aged…
Descriptors: Memory, Children, Young Adults, Standardized Tests
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Gremp, Michelle A.; Deocampo, Joanne A.; Walk, Anne M.; Conway, Christopher M. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
This study investigated the role of sequential processing in spoken language outcomes for children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH), ages 5;3-11;4, by comparing them to children with typical hearing (TH), ages 6;3-9;7, on sequential learning and memory tasks involving easily nameable and difficult-to-name visual stimuli. Children who are DHH…
Descriptors: Sequential Learning, Visual Learning, Language Skills, Children
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Archibald, Lisa M. D. – Child Language Teaching and Therapy, 2017
Children with speech, language, and communication needs (SLCN) form a highly heterogeneous group, including those with an unexplained delay in language development known as specific language impairment (SLI). There is growing recognition that multiple mechanisms underlie the range of profiles observed in these children. Broadly speaking, both the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Language Acquisition, Language Impairments, Children
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Swayze, Madison; Dexter, Casey – Contemporary School Psychology, 2018
The main goals of the study were to replicate and measure the test-retest reliability of a previously used preschool working memory task, to analyze the relationship between working memory and school readiness above and beyond attention and an indicator of overall development, and to investigate these relationships for gender differences.…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, School Readiness, Predictor Variables, Attention Control
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Dogan, Murat; Hasanoglu, Gülcihan – Educational Research and Reviews, 2016
Memory plays a profound role in explaining language development, academic learning, and learning disabilities. Even though there is a large body of research on language development, literacy skills, other academic skills, and intellectual characteristics of children with hearing loss, there is no holistic study on their memory processes.…
Descriptors: Content Analysis, Memory, Hearing Impairments, Causal Models
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Vugs, Brigitte; Hendriks, Marc; Cuperus, Juliane; Knoors, Harry; Verhoeven, Ludo – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: This longitudinal study examined differences in the development of working memory (WM) between children with specific language impairment (SLI) and typically developing (TD) children. Further, it explored to what extent language at ages 7-8 years could be predicted by measures of language and/or WM at ages 4-5 years. Method: Thirty…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Short Term Memory, Children, Language Impairments
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Haden, Catherine A.; Ornstein, Peter A.; O'Brien, Barbara S.; Elischberger, Holger B.; Tyler, Caroline S.; Burchinal, Margaret J. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2011
A multitask battery tapping nonverbal memory and language skills was used to assess 60 children at 18, 24, and 30 months of age. Analyses focused on the degree to which language, working memory, and deliberate memory skills were linked concurrently to children's Elicited Imitation task performance and whether the patterns of association varied…
Descriptors: Imitation, Short Term Memory, Language Skills, Child Development
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Brod, Garvin; Shing, Yee Lee – Developmental Psychology, 2019
We tested 6- to 7-year-olds, 18- to 22-year-olds, and 67- to 74-year-olds on an associative memory task that consisted of knowledge-congruent and knowledge-incongruent object-scene pairs that were highly familiar to all age groups. We compared the 3 age groups on their memory congruency effect (i.e., better memory for knowledge-congruent…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Memory, Individual Development, Aging (Individuals)
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Aussems, Suzanne; Kita, Sotaro – Child Development, 2019
An experiment with 72 three-year-olds investigated whether encoding events while seeing iconic gestures boosts children's memory representation of these events. The events, shown in videos of actors moving in an unusual manner, were presented with either iconic gestures depicting how the actors performed these actions, interactive gestures, or no…
Descriptors: Memory, Nonverbal Communication, Cognitive Processes, Young Children
Jamil, Siti Baizura; Ghazali, Munirah – Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, 2018
This paper explores what we can learn from research that early cognitive processes support the development of children's mathematics skills. The role of two cognitive processes in working memory in the development of early mathematics was investigated: executive functions (EF) and visual-spatial (VS) ability. Children's mathematical skills were…
Descriptors: Role, Executive Function, Spatial Ability, Visual Perception
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Rusli, Yazmin Ahmad; Montgomery, James W. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether extant language (lexical) knowledge or domain-general working memory is the better predictor of comprehension of object relative sentences for children with typical development. We hypothesized that extant language knowledge, not domain-general working memory, is the better predictor. Method:…
Descriptors: Children, Reading Comprehension, Sentences, Lexicology
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Leyva, Diana; Reese, Elaine; Laible, Deborah; Schaughency, Elizabeth; Das, Shika; Clifford, Amanda – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
Parents' elaboration plays an important role in autobiographical memory and socioemotional development. Two types of coding approaches have been used to assess parents' elaboration: a frequency-based coding (absolute frequencies of different types of elaborative utterances) and a scale-based coding (a 5-point scale based on relative frequencies of…
Descriptors: Memory, Social Development, Emotional Development, Personal Narratives
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Bathelt, Joe; Gathercole, Susan E.; Johnson, Amy; Astle, Duncan E. – Developmental Science, 2018
Working memory (WM) skills are closely associated with learning progress in key areas such as reading and mathematics across childhood. As yet, however, little is known about how the brain systems underpinning WM develop over this critical developmental period. The current study investigated whether and how structural brain correlates of…
Descriptors: Brain, Morphology (Languages), Short Term Memory, Children
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Colmar, Susan; Davis, Nash; Sheldon, Linda – Journal of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools, 2016
An exploratory applied study, using a set of attention and working memory strategies specifically developed for students and named Memory Mates, was completed with normally developing students attending a primary school. Students in one classroom received the intervention, while the other classroom functioned as a control group. The study was…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Attention, Short Term Memory, Pilot Projects
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Knott, Lauren M.; Howe, Mark L.; Wimmer, Marina C.; Dewhurst, Stephen A. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2011
In three experiments, we investigated the role of automatic and controlled inhibitory retrieval processes in true and false memory development in children and adults. Experiment 1 incorporated a directed forgetting task to examine controlled retrieval inhibition. Experiments 2 and 3 used a part-set cue and retrieval practice task to examine…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Inhibition, Memory, Experiments
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