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Davis, Hannah; Attard-Johnson, Janice – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
During the COVID-19 pandemic, wearing facemasks was mandatory in the United Kingdom except for individuals with medical exemptions. Facemasks cover the full lower half of the face; however, the effect of facemasks on age perception is not yet known. The present study examined whether age estimation accuracy of unfamiliar young adult women is…
Descriptors: Clothing, Age, Young Adults, Females
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Abur, Defne; Perkell, Joseph S.; Stepp, Cara E. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: The goal of this study was to examine the effects of increases in vocal effort, without changing speech intensity, on respiratory and articulatory kinematics in young adults with typical voices. Method: A total of 10 participants completed a reading task under three speaking conditions: baseline, mild vocal effort, and maximum vocal…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Articulation (Speech), Speech, Human Body
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Cunningham, Tony J.; Bottary, Ryan; Denis, Dan; Payne, Jessica D. – Learning & Memory, 2021
Prospective memory involves setting an intention to act that is maintained over time and executed when appropriate. Slow wave sleep (SWS) has been implicated in maintaining prospective memories, although which SWS oscillations most benefit this memory type remains unclear. Here, we investigated SWS spectral power correlates of prospective memory.…
Descriptors: Sleep, Correlation, Memory, Intention
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Jabbari, Yasaman; Kenney, Darren M.; von Mohrenschildt, Martin; Shedden, Judith M. – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
We used a driving simulator to investigate landmark-based route navigation in young adults. Previous research has examined how proximal and distal landmarks influence route navigation, however, these effects have not been extensively tested in ecologically-relevant settings. We used a virtual town in which participants learned various routes while…
Descriptors: Navigation, Young Adults, Simulation, Proximity
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Ng, Manwa L.; Ki, Anthony – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2022
Background: Cervical auscultation has been used clinically as an augmentative procedure for swallow examination. Despite its frequent use for screening and preliminary assessment of swallowing, the usefulness of cervical auscultation is controversial due to a lack of sufficient research, particularly in quantifying swallowing sounds. Aims: To…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Motor Reactions, Young Adults, Gender Differences
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Williams, Lane C.; Earle, F. Sayako – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2022
Phonological representations are important for reading. In the current work, we examine the relationship between speech-perceptual memory encoding and consolidation to reading ability in skilled adult readers. Seventy-three young adults (age 18-24) were first tested in their word and nonword reading ability, and then trained in the late evening to…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Decoding (Reading), Phonology, Memory
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Rodríguez, Noreen Naseem; Falkner, Anna; Bohl, Elizabeth Tetu – Reading Teacher, 2022
In a time when some nonfiction historical books for children and young adults have drawn concern and critique for sharing difficult histories, teachers may be looking for ways to contextualize those narratives and provide more support for students as they engage in these histories. Going beyond the book with primary sources can help provide that…
Descriptors: Primary Sources, Nonfiction, History Instruction, Critical Thinking
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Abkhezr, Peyman; McMahon, Mary; Campbell, Marilyn – International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 2022
This article reports on a secondary analysis of qualitative research about five African young adults with refugee backgrounds who storied through semi-structured interviews their career transition in the complex, everchanging systems of their migration journeys. Qualitative descriptors of career adaptability and the systems of the Systems Theory…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Young Adults, Refugees, Background
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Fujiki, Robert Brinton; Huber, Jessica E.; Sivasankar, M. Preeti – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: This study aims to investigate the effects of a 10-min vocal exertion task on voice and respiratory measures, to determine whether restorative strategies can mitigate these effects after cessation of exertion, and to assess whether these strategies continue to reduce these detrimental effects when vocal exertion is resumed. Method: A…
Descriptors: Fatigue (Biology), Young Adults, Speech, Rehabilitation
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Wang, Xuewei; Li, Yadan; Li, Xinyi; Duan, Haijun; Li, Yangping; Hu, Weiping – Creativity Research Journal, 2021
Dynamic, momentary affective states have significant effects on creativity; however, how negative affect modulates the neurocognitive processes involved in creativity is still unclear. This study investigated the neural mechanisms of creative thinking under varying avoidance-motivation intensity. Sixty participants (17 men and 43 women; age…
Descriptors: Creative Thinking, Psychological Patterns, Motivation, Young Adults
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Kidwai, Juhi; Brumberg, Jonathan S.; Marsh, Brianna M. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: This study investigated whether changes in brain activity preceding spoken words can be used as a neural marker of speech intention. Specifically, changes in the contingent negative variation (CNV) were examined prior to speech production in three different study designs to determine a method that maximizes signal detection in a speaking…
Descriptors: Brain, Speech, Intention, Young Adults
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Marciano, Hadas; Gal, Eynat; Kimchi, Ruth; Hedley, Darren; Goldfarb, Yael; Bonneh, Yoram S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Despite challenges in social communication skills people with ASD often display strengths in visual processing. Aerial photography analysis is an occupation reliant on strong visual processing skills that matches this unique profile. We investigated basic-vision and "real-life" visual tasks in 20 cognitively-able young adults with ASD…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Visual Perception, Photography
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Weidemann, Christoph T.; Kahana, Michael J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
Human cognition exhibits a striking degree of variability: Sometimes we rapidly forge new associations whereas at other times new information simply does not stick. Correlations between neural activity during encoding and subsequent retrieval performance have implicated such "subsequent memory effects" (SMEs) as important for…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Memory, Cognitive Processes, Brain
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Dahl, Kimberly L.; Stepp, Cara E. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of cognitive load on relative fundamental frequency (RFF) in individuals with healthy voices. Method: Twenty adults with healthy voices read sentences under different cognitive load conditions. Each sentence contained color terms printed in colored ink, creating an embedded Stroop…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Acoustics, Speech
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Pupillo, Francesco; Powell, Daniel; Phillips, Louise H.; Schnitzspahn, Katharina – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
The present study aimed to investigate the affect-cognition interplay in young and older adults by studying prospective memory (PM), the realisation of delayed intentions. While most previous studies on the topic were conducted in the laboratory, we examined the influence of naturally occurring affect on PM tasks carried out in participants'…
Descriptors: Memory, Intention, Young Adults, Older Adults
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