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Anderson, Dawn L.; Baguhn, Sarahelizabeth J. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2022
People with visual impairments use a wide variety of sensory information to understand the world around them. Many persons who are visually impaired (i.e., those who are blind or have low vision) use some form of echolocation to monitor the space around them. This process of identifying the properties of an object may be referred to as…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Visually Impaired Mobility, Navigation, Auditory Discrimination
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Arsal, Güler; Suss, Joel; Ward, Paul; Eccles, David W. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2022
Introduction: The objective of this study is to investigate the extent to which sighted persons understand thought processes of persons who are visually impaired (i.e., those who are blind or have low vision). The investigation focused on a street-crossing task. Method: Participants were 15 visually impaired persons and 21 sighted persons. The…
Descriptors: Blindness, Visual Impairments, Visually Impaired Mobility, Experiential Learning
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Perla, Fabiana; Maffit, Jamie – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
"Student portfolios" have been defined as "a purposeful collection of student work that exhibits the student's efforts, progress and achievements in one or more areas" (Paulson, Paulson, & Meyer, 1991, p. 30). They are typically comprised of a careful selection of artifacts, documents, and reflections portraying a child's…
Descriptors: Visually Impaired Mobility, Portfolios (Background Materials), Students with Disabilities, Student Projects
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Penrod, William M.; Griffin-Shirley, Nora; Hollinger, Kevin; Burgin, Ximena; Smolka, Samantha; Okungu, Phoebe A.; Steinle, Kyle J.; Obiero, Nereah A. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2020
Introduction: Few academic discussions are more contentious in the field of orientation and mobility than the notion of whether or not O&M specialists need to know braille. To help answer this question, we developed a survey. Methods: An online survey instrument was distributed through O&M electronic discussion groups. The survey included…
Descriptors: Braille, Visually Impaired Mobility, Specialists, Professional Education
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Creem-Regehr, Sarah H.; Barhorst-Cates, Erica M.; Tarampi, Margaret R.; Rand, Kristina M.; Legge, Gordon E. – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2021
People with visual impairment often rely on their residual vision when interacting with their spatial environments. The goal of visual accessibility is to design spaces that allow for safe travel for the large and growing population of people who have uncorrectable vision loss, enabling full participation in modern society. This paper defines the…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Cognitive Processes, Visual Impairments, Visually Impaired Mobility
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Griffin-Shirley, Nora; Bozeman, Laura; Nguyen, The; Othuon, Vitalis; Page, Anita; Hahm, Juhyun; Hahm, Juyoung; Lee, Jaehoon – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2021
Introduction: The purpose of the study was to survey orientation and mobility (O&M) instructors who are blind concerning the identification of accommodations, teaching techniques, and resources to teach students with visual impairments (i.e., blindness or low vision). Methods: The study utilized an online survey via Qualtrics (2019) with 27…
Descriptors: Blindness, Visually Impaired Mobility, Orientation, Disabilities
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Kaiser, Justin T.; Herzberg, Tina S. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2021
Introduction: This study analyzed 39 data collection tools used by teachers of students with visual impairments when completing functional vision assessments (FVAs). Methods: In 2017, teachers of students with visual impairments submitted data collection tools used in the FVA process. These tools were then compared with the 23 FVA components…
Descriptors: Data Collection, Vision Tests, Visual Impairments, Visual Acuity
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Kim, Dae Shik; Wall Emerson, Robert – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2018
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of cane tip design and cane technique modification on obstacle detection performance as they interact with the size, height, and position of obstacles. Methods: A repeated-measures design with block randomization was used for the study. In experiment one, participants attempted…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Blindness, Assistive Technology, Barriers
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Malik, Shazia; Manaf, Umi Kalthom Abdul – Bulletin of Education and Research, 2020
The aim of this study was to observe Orientation and Mobility (O&M) with effective parental involvement within the Expanded Core Curriculum (ECC) for visually impaired learners (VILs) to make them independent in their environment in Pakistan. O&M practices have become significant as these are essential in independence and one of the main…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Parent Participation, Core Curriculum, Visual Impairments
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Papadopoulos, Konstantinos; Papakonstantinou, Doxa – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 2020
The aim of this study was to examine the association between social support from friends and depression in young adults with visual impairments. Forty young adults with visual impairments, ranging in age from 18 to 40 years, completed the 21-item Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-I) and a self-developed social support questionnaire. Significant…
Descriptors: Friendship, Social Support Groups, Depression (Psychology), Young Adults
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Penha, Márcio Rogério; Basso Garcia, Ricardo; Vretos, Christina; Aparecido da Silva, José – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2018
Introduction: Individuals with visual impairments may use long canes for estimating distances and detecting gaps, obstacles, and texture patterns. The study presented here investigated whether length perception with canes is influenced by cane material. Methods: Visually impaired, sightedblindfolded, and sighted individuals (n = 30 for each group)…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Visually Impaired Mobility, Assistive Technology, Measurement
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Sladewski, Jennifer; Lieberman, Lauren J.; Haibach-Beach, Pamela; Conroy, Paula – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2022
Introduction: This aim of this online study was to determine what teachers of students with visual impairments (TVIs) and orientation and mobility (O&M) specialists learned and experienced in their professional preparation programs regarding physical education, physical activity, and sport for students with visual impairments. Methods: In…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Visual Impairments, Physical Education, Physical Activities
Al-Jarf, Reima – Online Submission, 2021
This is a case-study of a blind college student, Sonia, at the College of Languages and Translation (COLT). She has an iPhone, iPad and laptop as well as a Twitter, Facebook, WhatsApp and Skype accounts. She uses MS Office and the university's Academic Portal. The iPhone VoiceOver App and the Braille Sense Notetaker enable her to surf the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Blindness, College Students, Assistive Technology
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Fast, Danene; Wild, Tiffany – Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities, 2018
Instruction in science can be difficult for students with visual impairments due to the use of visual instruction that is often used for conceptual understanding. Pedagogical approaches to teaching science continue to evolve, with inquiry-based science instruction as a primary instructional method used in current classrooms. In teaching students…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Visual Impairments, Visually Impaired Mobility
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Kingston, John T. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2018
The role of vision impairment (blindness and low vision) related to the risk of falling has been well documented. Reduced visual acuity, as well as poor contrast sensitivity, field restriction, and loss of depth perception are established contributors to falls (Lamoureux et al., 2010). People with vision impairments fall as much as two to three…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Accident Prevention, Older Adults, Veterans
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