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Shalev, Nir; Boettcher, Sage; Wilkinson, Hannah; Scerif, Gaia; Nobre, Anna C. – Child Development, 2022
Children's ability to benefit from spatiotemporal regularities to detect goal-relevant targets was tested in a dynamic, extended context. Young adults and children (from a low-deprivation area school in the United Kingdom; N = 80; 5-6 years; 39 female; ethics approval did not permit individual-level race/ethnicity surveying) completed a dynamic…
Descriptors: Time Perspective, Young Children, Attention, Foreign Countries
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Tillman, Katharine A.; Fukuda, Eren; Barner, David – Child Development, 2022
English-speaking adults often recruit a "mental timeline" to represent events from left-to-right (LR), but its developmental origins are debated. Here, we test whether preschoolers prefer ordered linear representations of events and whether they prefer culturally conventional directions. English-speaking adults (n = 85) and 3- to…
Descriptors: Time Perspective, Spatial Ability, Preschool Children, Cultural Differences
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Ehret, Sonja; Trukenbrod, Anna K.; Thomaschke, Roland – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2021
Activities can have substantial impacts on temporal experience. We investigated how the impact of being active develops dynamically over the course of long waiting times. Participants waited in a library building, either sitting passively or walking around actively, for between 60 and 100 minutes. Retrospectively, they reported how different…
Descriptors: Time Perspective, Evaluative Thinking, Physical Activities
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Titzmann, Peter F.; Lee, Richard M. – Child Development Perspectives, 2022
Acculturation unfolds over time, but research on acculturation often does not account for developmental processes. Recent studies introduced several novel temporal concepts of acculturation processes to understand more fully how immigrant youth adapt to new cultural contexts. In this review, we describe these new temporal concepts of…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Immigrants, Youth, Cultural Context
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Wang, Chia-Chi; Chiou, Wen-Bin – Educational Psychology, 2022
People often underestimate their completion times of future tasks or events. The phenomenon of optimistic time prediction is called the planning fallacy. Prior research has demonstrated that individuals are less likely to make optimistic predictions about events that are temporally relatively close. Furthermore, events involving relatively more…
Descriptors: Time Management, Undergraduate Students, Prediction, Time Perspective
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Tausen, Brittany M. – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
Time is fundamentally abstract, making it difficult to conceptualize and vulnerable to mental distortions. Nine preregistered experiments identify temporal illusions that characterize prospective time judgments and corresponding consequences for decision making in a variety of domains. Using visual illusions as a grounding metaphor, studies 1-4…
Descriptors: Time, Time Perspective, Misconceptions, Cognitive Ability
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Tillman, Katharine A.; Walker, Caren M. – Child Development, 2022
This study explored children's causal reasoning about the past and future. U.S. adults (n = 60) and 3-to-6-year-olds (n = 228) from an urban, middle-class population (49% female; [approximately] 45% white) participated between 2017 and 2019. Participants were told three-step causal stories and asked about the effects of a change to the second…
Descriptors: Time Perspective, Preschool Children, Thinking Skills, Logical Thinking
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Peterson, Carole; Wang, Qi; Lillington, N. Brandon; Hallett, Darcy – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
Young adults recalled and dated their five earliest memories, and dates compared with independent parental dates. Participants also provided information about how they derived dates through a "thinking aloud" procedure. All participants were also asked if they had experienced various landmark events when young. One group, the Priming…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Memory, Recall (Psychology), Time Perspective
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Lockee, Barbara B.; Clark-Stallkamp, Rebecca – Distance Education, 2022
The recent shift to remote instruction in response to the global pandemic has resulted in increasing demand for flexible learning options in higher education going forward. As institutions strategize the advancement of distance education as a means of addressing these demands, a parallel need has emerged for increased awareness of flexible…
Descriptors: Distance Education, Higher Education, Instructional Design, Time Perspective
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Price, Heather L.; Evans, Angela D. – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2021
Accurate event sequencing can add critical detail to a child's account. However, our knowledge of sequencing in childhood to date primarily centers on distinct events separated by time. Sequencing a single event's components is also important, perhaps particularly in a forensic context. In two experiments, we explored children's ability to recall…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Recall (Psychology), Prompting, Children
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Deker, Lina; Pathman, Thanujeni – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2021
Memory for the temporal order of past events is a critical capacity; however, relatively little is known about its development and the processes that support it in early to middle childhood. The aim of this study was to examine children's memory for the temporal order of real-world events. Four-five-year-old (n = 36), 6-7-year-old (n = 45) and…
Descriptors: Memory, Time Perspective, Cognitive Processes, Children
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Dockery, Alfred M.; Koshy, Paul; Li, Ian W. – British Educational Research Journal, 2022
The role of parental expectations in determining children's higher education participation is important in understanding both participation and potential policy responses. Using a nationally representative longitudinal survey of Australian households, providing repeat observations on expectations for individual children, this study extends the…
Descriptors: Parents, Parent Attitudes, Expectation, Student Participation
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Spence, Catherine McGough; Kirn, Adam; Benson, Lisa – Journal of Engineering Education, 2022
Background: One facet of motivation relevant to students' learning is their perceptions of the future, including future career goals and how those perceptions influence their present actions; this is collectively referred to as their future time perspective (FTP). Purpose/Hypothesis: This study describes the different FTPs of engineering students.…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Student Motivation, Objectives, Career Choice
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Janson, Marc P.; Siebert, Jan; Dickhäuser, Oliver – International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 2022
Performance evaluation is based on comparison standards. Results can either be contrasted to former results (temporal comparison) or results of others (social comparison). Existing literature analyzed potential effects of teachers' stable preferences for comparison standards on students' learning outcomes. The present experiments investigated…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Electronic Learning, Time Perspective, Social Behavior
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DeCoteau, William E.; Fox, Adam E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Recently it has been proposed that impairments related to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may reflect a more fundamental disruption in time perception. Here, we examined whether in utero exposure to valproic acid (VPA) can generate specific behavioral deficits related to ASD and time perception. Pups from control and VPA groups were tested using…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Time Perspective, Animals
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