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Navarro, Ester; Goring, Sara Anne; Conway, Andrew R. A. – Journal of Intelligence, 2021
Theory of Mind (ToM) is the ability understand that other people's mental states may be different from one's own. Psychometric models have shown that individual differences in ToM can largely be attributed to general intelligence ("g") (Coyle et al. 2018). Most psychometric models specify "g" as a reflective latent variable,…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Intelligence, College Students, Relationship
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Morgan, Emma J.; Carroll, Daniel J.; Chow, Constance K. C.; Freeth, Megan – Cognitive Science, 2022
Our behavior is frequently influenced by those around us. However, the majority of social cognition research is conducted using socially isolated paradigms, without the presence of real people (i.e., without a "social presence"). The current study aimed to test the influence of social presence upon a measure of mentalizing behavior in…
Descriptors: Social Cognition, Theory of Mind, Thinking Skills, Adults
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Jackson, Sophie – Journal of Research in Reading, 2022
Background: Research with children shows that theory of mind predicts reading comprehension both concurrently and longitudinally, while research with adults shows increased print-exposure relates to theory of mind understanding. However, until now whether reading and theory of mind have a mutually reinforcing relationship in which they promote one…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Reading Comprehension, Printed Materials, Adults
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Ferguson, Heather J.; Wimmer, Lena; Black, Jo; Barzy, Mahsa; Williams, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
We report an event-related brain potential (ERP) experiment that tests whether autistic adults are able to maintain and switch between counterfactual and factual worlds. Participants (N = 48) read scenarios that set up a factual or counterfactual scenario, then either maintained the counterfactual world or switched back to the factual world. When…
Descriptors: Autism, Brain, Adults, Cognitive Processes
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Devine, Rory T.; Apperly, Ian A. – Developmental Science, 2022
This study investigated the links between theory of mind, social motivation, and children's social competence in middle childhood and early adolescence. Two hundred and sixty four children (136 girls, 128 boys) aged between 8 and 13 years (M Age = 10.88 years, SD = 1.45) completed theory-of-mind tests and self-report questionnaires measuring…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Interpersonal Competence, Motivation, Children
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Löfgren, Ingeborg – Policy Futures in Education, 2022
This article explores what we can learn about truth and meaning from fiction, through a reading of George Orwell's (Eric Blair's) dystopic novel "Nineteen Eighty-Four" (1949) in the light of philosopher Stanley Cavell's notion of "lived skepticism." The article suggests that we can conceive of the novel as portraying…
Descriptors: Fiction, Authoritarianism, Critical Reading, Criticism
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Poulin-Dubois, Diane; Dutemple, Elizabeth; Burnside, Kimberly – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
Theory of mind is defined as the understanding that mental states predict and explain people's behaviors. It develops around the age of 4 but seems to remain deficient in people with ASD, whereas other forms of naïve understanding remain intact. This study compares children with ASD to neurotypical children on tasks measuring naïve psychology,…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Biology, Physics, Psychology
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Serrano-Juárez, Carlos Alberto; Prieto-Corona, Belén; Rodríguez-Camacho, Mario; Venegas-Vega, Carlos Alberto; Yáñez-Téllez, Ma. Guillermina; Silva-Pereyra, Juan; Salgado-Ceballos, Hermelinda; Arias-Trejo, Natalia; De León Miranda, Miguel Angel – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
An explanation for the social dysfunction observed in Williams syndrome may be deficits in social cognition. This study explored aspects of social cognition in children with Williams syndrome with different genotypes. The 12 participants included one with a 1.1 Mb deletion that retained the GTF2IRD1, GTF2I, and GTF2IRD2 genes, seven with a 1.5 Mb…
Descriptors: Social Cognition, Children, Genetic Disorders, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Mazza, Monica; Pino, Maria Chiara; Keller, Roberto; Vagnetti, Roberto; Attanasio, Margherita; Filocamo, Angela; Le Donne, Ilenia; Masedu, Francesco; Valenti, Marco – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
The differential diagnosis between schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) remains an important clinical question, because they have overlap in clinical diagnosis. This study explored the differences between ASD (n = 44) and SSD patients (n = 59), compared to typically developing peers (n = 63), in completing an…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Schizophrenia, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Nah, Yong-Hwee; Chen, Mo – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2022
This study described the development of a culturally adapted video version of Strange Stories test as a measure of advanced theory of mind for youths in an Asian country (i.e. Singapore), the Y-ToM, and to provide preliminary psychometric properties. Participants were 170 youths (82 male, 88 female) aged from 13 to 16 years old (M = 14.77, SD =…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adolescents, Check Lists, Child Behavior
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Goldwater, Micah B.; Gershman, Samuel J.; Moul, Caroline; Ludowici, Charles; Burton, Amy; Killer, Brittany; Kuhnert, Rebecca-Lee; Ridgway, Kate – Developmental Science, 2020
Research into the development of Theory of Mind (ToM) has shown how children from a very early age infer other people's goals. However, human behaviour is sometimes driven not by plans to achieve goals, but by habits, which are formed over long periods of reinforcement. Habitual and goal-directed behaviours are often aligned with one another but…
Descriptors: Children, Theory of Mind, Habit Formation, Goal Orientation
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Albury, Nathan John – Language Policy, 2021
This interdisciplinary paper shows that investigating community language beliefs, as a pillar of language policy research, can be enriched by the principles of theory of mind. The case study is Malaysia where ethnonationalist law and policy elevates the language and culture of the Muslim Malay majority above those of citizens of Chinese and Indian…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Language Planning, Language Attitudes, Ideology
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Todd, Andrew R.; Cameron, C. Daryl; Simpson, Austin J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
Does tracking another agent's visual perspective depend on having a goal--albeit a remote one--to do so? In 5 experiments using indirect measures of visual perspective taking with a cartoon avatar, we examined whether and how adult perceivers' processing goals shape the incidental tracking of "what" objects the avatar sees (Level-1…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Perspective Taking, Adults, Goal Orientation
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Yu, Chi-Lin; Kovelman, Ioulia; Wellman, Henry M. – Child Development Perspectives, 2021
The possibility and nature of bilingual advantage for theory of mind (ToM), that is, young bilingual children outperforming their monolingual peers, have been discussed increasingly since the first research on the topic was published in 2003. Because accumulating evidence demonstrates a ToM advantage for bilingual individuals, in this article, we…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Theory of Mind, Executive Function, Metalinguistics
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Keus, Kelly; Harde, Roxanne – Children's Literature in Education, 2022
Drawing on cognitive criticism, and using Theory of Mind, transportation, and imaginative resistance as a framework, this essay analyzes the ways in which Leigh Bardugo's Six of Crows Duology, can build understanding of and empathy for people with living with mental illnesses. Maria Nikolajeva's germinal work on cognitive approaches to literature…
Descriptors: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Empathy, Mental Disorders, Novels
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