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Ma, Timmy; Komarova, Natalia L. – Cognitive Science, 2019
Learning in natural environments is often characterized by a degree of inconsistency from an input. These inconsistencies occur, for example, when learning from more than one source, or when the presence of environmental noise distorts incoming information; as a result, the task faced by the learner becomes ambiguous. In this study, we investigate…
Descriptors: Reliability, Associative Learning, Symbolic Learning, Sequential Learning
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Lee, Gabrielle T.; Xu, Sheng; Guo, Shufang; Gilic, Lina; Pu, Yunhuan; Xu, Jiacheng – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Symbolic play skills are important in language acquisition and child development. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have difficulties demonstrating such play behaviors. Imaginary objects symbolic play refers to play behavior in which children perform play actions without actual objects. Three boys with ASD (3-7 years) participated…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Imagination, Play, Symbolic Learning
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Pecora, Giulia; Bellagamba, Francesca; Chiarotti, Flavia; Paoletti, Melania; Castano, Maria Letizia; Addessi, Elsa – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
We aimed to longitudinally examine how symbolic distancing affects preschool children's delay tolerance in a delay choice task. We presented children with choices between a smaller immediate reward and a larger delayed reward in conditions with either symbolic stimuli or edible rewards. Overall, symbolic distancing modulated children's delay…
Descriptors: Delay of Gratification, Rewards, Food, Stimuli
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Solopchuk, Oleg; Alamia, Andrea; Olivier, Etienne; Zénon, Alexandre – Learning & Memory, 2016
Chunking, namely the grouping of sequence elements in clusters, is ubiquitous during sequence processing, but its impact on performance remains debated. Here, we found that participants who adopted a consistent chunking strategy during symbolic sequence learning showed a greater improvement of their performance and a larger decrease in cognitive…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Short Term Memory, Sequential Learning, Symbolic Learning
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Hyde, Daniel C.; Simon, Charline E.; Berteletti, Ilaria; Mou, Yi – Developmental Science, 2017
Two non-verbal cognitive systems, an approximate number system (ANS) for extracting the numerosity of a set and a parallel individuation (PI) system for distinguishing between individual items, are hypothesized to be foundational to symbolic number and mathematics abilities. However, the exact role of each remains unclear and highly debated. Here…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Mathematics Skills, Number Concepts, Computation
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Noll, Anna; Roth, Jurgen; Scholz, Markus – International Journal of Special Education, 2018
How can barriers in reading be reduced? Adding symbols to assignments could be one possibility for enhancing readability and, therefore, providing students with poor reading skills with access to learning material. This qualitative interview and eye-tracking study aims to acquire a first insight into how students rate and perceive the addition of…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Pictorial Stimuli, Reading Skills, Reading Improvement
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Yanik, Betül; Yasar, Mustafa – International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine the features of the peer culture that a group of preschoolers created in their classroom in the province of Kahramanmaras, Turkey. An ethnographic approach was adopted in this study to obtain an in-depth understanding of children's peer interactions. The data were collected through variety of data…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Ethnography, Peer Relationship, Preschool Children
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Mix, Kelly S.; Prather, Richard W.; Smith, Linda B.; Stockton, Jerri DaSha – Child Development, 2014
This study assessed whether a sample of two hundred seven 3- to 7-year-olds could interpret multidigit numerals using simple identification and comparison tasks. Contrary to the view that young children do not understand place value, even 3-year-olds demonstrated some competence on these tasks. Ceiling was reached by first grade. When training was…
Descriptors: Young Children, Numeracy, Mathematical Concepts, Symbolic Learning
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Hartley, Calum; Allen, Melissa L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
This research investigated whether symbolic understanding of pictures in low-functioning children with autism is mediated by iconicity and language. In Experiment 1, participants were taught novel words paired with unfamiliar pictures that varied in iconicity (black-and-white line drawings, greyscale photographs, colour line drawings, colour…
Descriptors: Pictorial Stimuli, Autism, Cognitive Ability, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
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Peralta, Olga; Salsa, Analía; Maita, María del Rosario; Mareovich, Florencia – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2013
Symbolic objects are cognitive tools children must learn to master very early in life. A crucial factor in cognitive development is the instruction or informational support children receive in social contexts. While numerous studies have investigated the relation between instruction and development in various domains, like language or symbolic…
Descriptors: Young Children, Cognitive Development, Comprehension, Skill Development
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Karal, Yasemin; Karal, Hasan; Silbir, Lokman; Altun, Taner – Educational Technology & Society, 2016
Graphic symbols are commonly used across countries in order to support individuals with communicative deficiency. The literature review revealed the absence of such a system for Turkish socio-cultural context. In this study, the aim was to develop a symbol system appropriate for the Turkish socio-cultural context. The process began with studies…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Social Influences, Cultural Influences, Dictionaries
Lee, Sungwoong – ProQuest LLC, 2016
Reports and surveys by the U.S. government and international organizations have repeatedly acknowledged the achievement problem in math in K-12 regardless of various efforts (e.g., by the U.S. Department of Education) to diminish it. To address the problem in math achievement in K-12, teachers, scholars, and the U.S. government have developed…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Intervention, Video Games
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Marjanovic-Umek, Ljubica; Fekonja-Peklaj, Urška; Podlesek, Anja – Early Child Development and Care, 2014
The purpose of our study was to examine the ways in which parents engage in play with their children within the family context and to establish which parental play behaviour predicts the play behaviour of their children during interactive play with toys. The sample included 58 children from 2;6 to 6 years old and their parents. The parent-child…
Descriptors: Play, Parent Child Relationship, Child Behavior, Young Children
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Zambrana, Imac M.; Ystrom, Eivind; Schjolberg, Synnve; Pons, Francisco – Child Development, 2013
This study examined whether poor pointing gestures and imitative actions at 18 months of age uniquely predicted late language production at 36 months, beyond the role of poor language at 18 months of age. Data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study were utilized. Maternal reports of the children's nonverbal skills and language were…
Descriptors: Imitation, Toddlers, Prediction, Child Development
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Nakamichi, Naoko – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Recent studies indicate the need to investigate the sources of toddlers' understanding of another person's pretense. The present study is a cultural and longitudinal extension of the work of Lillard and Witherington (2004), who claimed that mothers modify their behaviors during pretense and that the some of these behavior modifications help their…
Descriptors: Mothers, Behavior Modification, Toddlers, Comprehension
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