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Showing 1 to 15 of 924 results Save | Export
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Hou, Lei; Du, Xinli; Boulgouris, Nikolaos V.; Hafeez, Nauman; Coulson, Chris; Irving, Richard; Begg, Philip; Brett, Peter – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: During insertion of the cochlear implant electrode array, the tip of the array may fold back on itself and can cause serious complications to patients. This article presents a sensing system for cochlear implantation in a cochlear model. The electrode array fold-over behaviors can be detected by analyzing capacitive information from the…
Descriptors: Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Assistive Technology, Surgery
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Papatzalas, Christos; Papathanasiou, Ilias; Paschalis, Thanasis; Tzerefos, Christos; Kapsalaki, Eftychia; Petsiti, Argyro; Fountas, Kostas – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2022
Awake brain surgery allows for maximal tumor resection, while minimizing postoperative deficits, even when the tumor is located within eloquent brain regions. In the current study, we present the case of a patient who underwent awake craniotomy to remove a space-occupying lesion located at the left (dominant) temporal lobe. During subcortical…
Descriptors: Brain, Surgery, Stimulation, Cognitive Processes
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Kotlarek, Katelyn J.; Pelland, Catherine M.; Blemker, Silvia S.; Jaskolka, Michael S.; Fang, Xiangming; Perry, Jamie L. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the differences in velopharyngeal dimensions as well as levator veli palatini (levator) muscle morphology, positioning, and symmetry of children with repaired cleft palate with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI), children with repaired cleft palate with complete velopharyngeal closure, and children…
Descriptors: Human Body, Children, Anatomy, Surgery
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Zajac, David J.; Vallino, Linda D.; Baylis, Adriane L.; Adatorwovor, Reuben; Preisser, John S.; Vivaldi, Daniela – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: This study determined the time course of the emergence of prevocalic stop consonants in young children with cleft palate following surgical repair. Method: A total of 120 children in four cohorts from three institutions were followed from 12 to 24 months of age: (a) 24 with repaired cleft lip and palate (CLP), (b) 36 with repaired cleft…
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Phonemes, Congenital Impairments, Young Children
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Yahalom, Claudia; Kochavi, Moria Medezinsky; Mechoulam, Hadas; Cohen, Evelyne; Anteby, Irene – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2022
Introduction: Pediatric cataract is still a major cause for childhood visual impairment. The goal of our study was to analyze the prevalence of children with impaired vision (6/15 or worse) after surgery for bilateral cataract, to evaluate factors associated with it and to emphasize the importance for visual rehabilitation including the use of…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Incidence, Surgery, Rehabilitation
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Spencer, Martha; Sherbino, Jonathan; Hatala, Rose – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2022
The Ottawa Surgical Competency Operating Room Evaluation (OSCORE) is an assessment tool that has gained prominence in postgraduate competency-based training programs. We undertook a systematic review and narrative synthesis to articulate the underlying validity argument in support of this tool. Although originally developed to assess readiness for…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Medical Education, Surgery, Literature Reviews
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Ott, Mary; Apramian, Tavis; Lingard, Lorelei; Roth, Kathryn; Cristancho, Sayra – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2021
Surgeons practice their own variations on a procedure. Residents experience shifting thresholds between variations that one surgeon holds firmly as principle and another takes more lightly as preference. Such variability has implications for surgical education, but the impact is not well understood. This is a critical problem to investigate as…
Descriptors: Medical Education, Surgery, Medical Students, Competency Based Education
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Duraes, Martha; Akkari, Mohamed; Jeandel, Clément; Moreno, Benjamin; Subsol, Gérard; Duflos, Claire; Captier, Guillaume – Anatomical Sciences Education, 2022
Increasing number of medical students and limited availability of cadavers have led to a reduction in anatomy teaching through human cadaveric dissection. These changes triggered the emergence of innovative teaching and learning strategies in order to maximize students learning of anatomy. An alternative approach to traditional dissection was…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Medical Education, Anatomy, Laboratory Procedures
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Song, Yong Keun; Jo, Dong Hyun – Anatomical Sciences Education, 2022
As surgical procedures continue to be more complex, the need for more effective training in anatomy has increased. The study of anatomy plays a significant role in the understanding of the human body as well as in basic and advanced clinical training. Among the different cadaver models, fresh frozen cadavers (FFCs) are known for their realistic…
Descriptors: Surgery, Medical Education, Laboratory Procedures, Anatomy
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Heath, Christian; Luff, Paul – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2021
There has been a long-standing interest in projection and the resources on which participants rely to produce and recognize the import and organization of turns at talk. Less attention has been paid to the character of the activity in which utterances form part and the ways in which embodied action enables the intelligibility, coordination, and in…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Surgery, Intelligibility, Task Analysis
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Shikani, Alan H.; Elamin, Elamin M.; Miller, Andrew C. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Tracheostomy patients face many adversities including loss of phonation and essential airway functions including air filtering, warming, and humidification. Heat and moisture exchangers (HMEs) facilitate humidification and filtering of inspired air. The Shikani HME (S-HME) is a novel turbulent airflow HME that may be used in-line with the…
Descriptors: Human Body, Equipment, Surgery, Heat
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Pereira, Valerie J.; Tuomainen, Jyrki; Lee, Kathy Y. S.; Tong, Michael C. F.; Sell, Debbie A. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2021
Background: The status of the velopharyngeal mechanism can be inferred from perceptual ratings of specified speech parameters. Several studies have proposed the measure of an overall velopharyngeal composite score based on these perceptual ratings and have reported good validity. The Cleft Audit Protocol for Speech--Augmented (CAPS-A) is a…
Descriptors: Congenital Impairments, Speech Tests, Outcome Measures, Test Validity
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Ros, Maxime; Neuwirth, Lorenz S.; Ng, Sam; Debien, Blaise; Molinari, Nicolas; Gatto, Franck; Lonjon, Nicolas – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2021
Medical procedures require skilled reliability, precision, and efficiency. One way in which techniques could be taught to address these requirements is through immersive tutorials in virtual reality (VR), that employ a 3D video (filmed from the first-person point-of-view [FPV]), which is then displayed through an immersive VR application…
Descriptors: Computer Simulation, Medical Services, Medical Education, Video Technology
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Barry, Carol L.; Jones, Andrew T.; Ibáñez, Beatriz; Grambau, Marni; Buyske, Jo – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2022
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the American Board of Surgery (ABS) shifted from in-person to remote administrations of the oral certifying exam (CE). Although the overall exam architecture remains the same, there are a number of differences in administration and staffing costs, exam content, security concerns, and the tools used to give the…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Computer Assisted Testing, Verbal Tests
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Van Stan, Jarrad H.; Mehta, Daryush D.; Ortiz, Andrew J.; Burns, James A.; Marks, Katherine L.; Toles, Laura E.; Stadelman-Cohen, Tara; Krusemark, Carol; Muise, Jason; Hron, Tiffiny; Zeitels, Steven M.; Fox, Annie B.; Hillman, Robert E. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: This study attempts to gain insights into the role of daily voice use in the etiology and pathophysiology of phonotraumatic vocal hyperfunction (PVH) by applying a logistic regression-based daily phonotrauma index (DPI) to predict group-based improvements in patients with PVH after laryngeal surgery and/or postsurgical voice therapy.…
Descriptors: Voice Disorders, Trauma, Surgery, Speech Therapy
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