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Wong, Kristina K.; Fienup, Daniel M. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2022
This study compared 2 units of analysis for assessing acquisition mastery during sight word instruction for 3 participants. The unit of analysis refers to the specific performances that criteria are applied to, either sets of stimuli or individual operants. In the Set Analysis condition, we applied the acquisition-performance criterion to the…
Descriptors: Mastery Learning, Sight Vocabulary, Reading Instruction, Performance
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Phipps, Laura; Robinson, Eric Lee; Grebe, Stacey – Journal of Behavioral Education, 2022
The Strategic Incremental Rehearsal (SIR) intervention, a modified version of Incremental Rehearsal, is an efficient flashcard procedure that has demonstrated effectiveness on sight word acquisition for children who exhibit reading difficulties. However, to date, the procedure has not been evaluated with children identified with a reading…
Descriptors: Sight Method, Grade 3, Special Education, Reading Difficulties
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Chen, Weiyun; Bowers, Cynthia; Hodges Kulinna, Pamela – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2021
Purpose: To present a pilot study that uses experiential learning theory to understand the effect of a Move to Read (MTR) program on student performance on a sight word test. Methods: Two groups in a school were compared. The academic struggling students (n = 37) received MTR activities in the classroom and physical education, whereas the regular…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Reading Programs, Pilot Projects, Low Achievement
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Barwasser, Anne; Urton, Karolina; Grünke, Matthias; Sperling, Marko; Coker, David L. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2022
Automation of frequently used words is a key component in the development of reading fluency. However, acquiring fast word recognition skills is a serious challenge for many children in their early years of formal education. Lagging word recognition leads to general reading problems, as fluency is a vital prerequisite for text comprehension.…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Elementary School Students, Peer Teaching, Tutoring
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Burns, Matthew K.; Aguilar, Lisa N.; Warmbold-Brann, Kristy; Preast, June L.; Taylor, Crystal N. – Psychology in the Schools, 2021
Assessing a student's acquisition rates (ARs) is a reliable way to determine how many new words should be taught in one lesson without reducing retention. Exceeding a student's AR can result in frustration and problem behaviors. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of AR on the off-task behavior of kindergarten students while…
Descriptors: Time on Task, Vocabulary Development, Kindergarten, Sight Vocabulary
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Vander Stappen, Caroline; Reybroeck, Marie Van – Reading Research Quarterly, 2022
Few previous studies have directly linked the contribution of phonological awareness (PA) and rapid automatized naming (RAN) to the development of phonological processing and orthographic processing in reading. These studies are predominantly cross-sectional and focus on reading development predictors, with relatively little emphasis on spelling…
Descriptors: Orthographic Symbols, French, Phonemes, Written Language
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Barwasser, Anne; Nobel, Kerstin; Grünke, Matthias – British Journal of Special Education, 2022
The number of students with reading difficulties is increasing and reading motivation is decreasing. Although serious reading problems can still persist during secondary education, most reading instruction happens in primary schools. In particular, students with learning disabilities and externalising behavioural problems are confronted with…
Descriptors: Coaching (Performance), Peer Teaching, Low Achievement, Behavior Problems
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Rawlins, Amanda; Invernizzi, Marcia – Reading Teacher, 2019
Sight word learning occurs in most early elementary classrooms. Some kindergarten students face the prospect of learning up to 100 sight words, and many teachers feel pressure to ensure that students know lists of words by the year's end. The authors offer five assertions about sight word learning to direct teachers and administrators toward the…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Beginning Reading, Vocabulary Development, Kindergarten
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Ehri, Linnea C. – Reading Research Quarterly, 2020
The author reviews theory and research by Ehri and her colleagues to document how a scientific approach has been applied over the years to conduct controlled studies whose findings reveal how beginners learn to read words in and out of text. Words may be read by decoding letters into blended sounds or by predicting words from context, but the way…
Descriptors: Phonics, Reading Instruction, Reading Research, Beginning Reading
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Cazzell, Samantha; Skinner, Christopher H.; Taylor, Kala; McCurdy, Merilee; Ciancio, Dennis; Cihak, David; Skinner, Amy; Moore, Tara – Journal of Behavioral Education, 2020
Adapted alternating treatment designs were used to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of two computer-based sight-word-reading interventions among three elementary school students with an intellectual disability. Each intervention provided 30 stimulus--response--stimulus--response learning trials. One intervention included fixed 3-s response…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Sight Method, Sight Vocabulary, Reading Instruction
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Scanlon, Donna M.; Anderson, Kimberly L. – Reading Research Quarterly, 2020
Recently, there has been growing concern about how to most effectively support the literacy development of beginning and struggling readers with regard to helping them learn to effortlessly identify the huge number of words that proficient readers ultimately learn to read with automaticity. Some, noting the critical importance of phonics…
Descriptors: Reading Research, Reading Difficulties, Word Recognition, Reading Instruction
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Wright, Shelby; Ryan, Kyle; Taylor, Kala; Turnbull, Samantha; Skinner, Christopher; Beeson, Tom; Ciancio, Dennis; Billington, Eric – International Journal on Social and Education Sciences, 2021
Working with a post-secondary student with intellectual disability, an adapted alternating treatments design was used to compare sight-word acquisition across three computer-delivered learning trial interventions: one with fixed 5-s response intervals, another with fixed 1-s response intervals, and a third with self-determined intervals. Visual…
Descriptors: College Students, Intellectual Disability, Postsecondary Education, Self Determination
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Dixon, Mark R.; McCord, Brandon E.; Belisle, Jordan – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2018
We evaluated a procedure for teaching two children, one typically developing and one with autism, a higher-order generalized operant response class of unscrambling sight words. The procedures were efficacious in teaching the participants to unscramble words appearing in isolation and in the context of a sentence, with 98% of the presented…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Sight Vocabulary, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Murray, Bruce A.; McIlwain, Mary Jane; Wang, Chih-hsuan; Murray, Geralyn; Finley, Stacie – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Learning irregular words involves mental marking of irregular letters in the spelling, a process not fully understood. In a within-subjects experiment, we manipulated the type of scaffolding given to beginning readers to evoke mental marking. We pretested to sort 103 kindergarten and first-grade participants into sequential decoders, who decode…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Emergent Literacy
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Miles, Katharine Pace; Rubin, Gregory B.; Gonzalez-Frey, Selenid – Reading Teacher, 2018
The purpose of this article is to rethink how sight words are categorized in early childhood classrooms. Three categories of words (regularly spelled, temporarily irregularly spelled, and permanently irregularly spelled) are presented as a way to think about the orthographic representations of words and how these representations interact with…
Descriptors: Sight Method, Reading Instruction, Sight Vocabulary, Early Childhood Education
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