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Buckley, Jeffrey – International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 2022
General intelligence is a fundamental human capacity with significant educational implications. However, it is often not considered in educational research despite substantial evidence illustrating its association with positive life outcomes and student's capacity to learn. There are a number of potential reasons for this including the…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Design, Technology Education, Educational Research
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Simonsmeier, Bianca A.; Flaig, Maja; Deiglmayr, Anne; Schalk, Lennart; Schneider, Michael – Educational Psychologist, 2022
It is often hypothesized that prior knowledge strongly predicts learning performance. It can affect learning positively mediated through some processes and negatively mediated through others. We examined the relation between prior knowledge and learning in a meta-analysis of 8776 effect sizes. The stability of individual differences, that is, the…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Individual Differences, Learning, Knowledge Level
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Li, Shaofeng; DeKeyser, Robert – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2021
This article discusses the conceptualization, measurement, and validity of a recently emerged construct in the field of second language acquisition (SLA)--implicit language aptitude (alternatively "implicit aptitude"). Implicit aptitude is a set of cognitive abilities that enable learners to make unconscious computations of the…
Descriptors: Language Aptitude, Second Language Learning, Cognitive Ability, Linguistic Input
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ALMamari, Khalid; Traynor, Anne – Journal of Intelligence, 2021
Cognitive abilities are related to job performance. However, there is less agreement about the relative contribution of general versus specific cognitive abilities to job performance. Similarly, it is not clear how cognitive abilities operate in the context of complex occupations. This study assessed the role of cognitive abilities on the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Job Performance, Predictive Validity, Occupations
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Ishak, Marni; Hussin, Fauzi – International Journal of Instruction, 2022
The ultimate goal of this study is to test the validity of the newly developed Sustainable Leadership for Learning Questionnaire (SLLQ) in terms of predictive validity on teacher satisfaction towards teaching. Apart from that this study also to test the convergent and discriminant validity of SLLQ. To achieve the objective of the study, a…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Leadership Styles, Test Construction, Job Satisfaction
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Amelung, Dorothee; Zegota, Simon; Espe, Lia; Wittenberg, Tim; Raupach, Tobias; Kadmon, Martina – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2022
Prior work experience in a relevant medical profession is an important admission criterion currently used at many German medical schools in addition to cognitive criteria. In other countries, work experience is often considered in later admission stages (e.g., interviews with pre-selected subgroups of applicants). However, evidence for its…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Medical Students, Admission Criteria, Medical Schools
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Kim, Dan; Opfer, John E. – Cognitive Science, 2021
Perceptual judgments result from a dynamic process, but little is known about the dynamics of number-line estimation. A recent study proposed a computational model that combined a model of trial-to-trial changes with a model for the internal scaling of discrete numbers. Here, we tested a surprising prediction of the model--a situation in which…
Descriptors: Numbers, Computation, Children, Adults
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Razmi, Mohammad Hasan; Khabir, Masoud; Tilwani, Shouket Ahmad – International Journal of Language Testing, 2021
Since its inception in 1949, over 1,500 studies have investigated the validity of the GRE General Test to predict its performance criteria in higher education (Klieger, Bridgeman, Tannenbaum, & Cline, 2016). The present review paper sought to examine the predictive validity of the GRE General Test. Factors affecting the predictive validity…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Predictive Validity, College Entrance Examinations, Graduate Study
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Credé, Marcus; Tynan, Michael C. – Journal for the Psychology of Language Learning, 2021
Grit is theoretically defined as the combination of perseverance and passion for long term goals. Both of these constructs are likely to be relevant for our understanding of how language acquisition occurs and for explaining between-person differences in the rate of language acquisition. Despite this relevance, there are methodological and…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Persistence, Predictive Validity, Goal Orientation
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Kim, Dan; Opfer, John E. – Grantee Submission, 2021
Perceptual judgments result from a dynamic process, but little is known about the dynamics of number-line estimation. A recent study proposed a computational model that combined a model of trial-to-trial changes with a model for the internal scaling of discrete numbers. Here, we tested a surprising prediction of the model--a situation in which…
Descriptors: Numbers, Computation, Children, Adults
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Agar-Newman, Dana J.; Tsai, Ming-Chang; Klimstra, Marc – Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 2020
To evaluate if takeoff speed can be predicted using peak-speed from a linear position transducer (LPT), 21 rowing athletes performed hexagonal-bar jumps in line with the National Team testing protocol. Predictive validity was assessed by comparing peak-speed from a LPT to the criterion measure takeoff speed collected from force plates. The…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Athletes, Predictive Validity, Measurement Equipment
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D'Argembeau, Arnaud; Garcia Jimenez, Claudia – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2020
Prospection is associated, in varying degrees, with a sense that imagined events will (or will not) happen in the future--referred to as "belief in future occurrence." The present research investigated to what extent this belief is justified and predicts the actual occurrence of events in the future. In two studies, participants rated…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Beliefs, Futures (of Society), Probability
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Richmond, Aaron S. – College Teaching, 2022
I created the 15-item Learner-Centered Syllabus Scale (LCSS) based on the work of Cullen and Harris. The purpose of this study was to assess the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the LCSS. Four blind coders assessed 175 syllabi using the LCSS with 92% inter-rater agreement. To establish concurrent validity, each blind coder rated the…
Descriptors: Student Centered Learning, Course Descriptions, Measures (Individuals), Test Reliability
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Nagy, Marcell; Molontay, Roland – Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 2021
An important problem in higher education is to find the most suitable admission procedure that can distinguish between students with high academic potential and future dropouts. Admissions usually rely on pre-enrolment achievement measures; therefore, it is crucial that these selection criteria have high predictive validity on academic…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Foreign Countries
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Gregory, Camara; Graybill, Emily C.; Barger, Brian; Roach, Andrew T.; Lane, Kathleen – Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 2021
Schools have become the most common setting for youth to receive additional supports--including access to mental health services serving as an entry point for identification and subsequent provision of these services. Many schools rely on office discipline referral (ODR) or suspension data as informal screeners for students who may need additional…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, At Risk Students, Screening Tests, Discipline
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