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Pino, Marco; Fatigante, Marilena; Alby, Francesca; Zucchermaglio, Cristina – Applied Linguistics, 2022
This article investigates miscommunication in sequences of talk where an oncologist asks about patients' co-morbidities, that is, their other illnesses beyond cancer. Using conversation analysis, we examine ways in which the participants identify and manage two sources of miscommunication: a divergence in the doctor's and the patient's…
Descriptors: Cancer, Interpersonal Communication, Physicians, Comorbidity
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Juanchich, Marie; Sirota, Miroslav – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2020
Family physicians can communicate to patients the risk of adverse drug reactions using words or numbers, and this format has important implications for patients' ability to make informed decisions. The present study (a) assessed which formats family physicians preferred to communicate the risk of a given side effect, (b) tested whether the…
Descriptors: Physicians, Physician Patient Relationship, Drug Therapy, Communication Strategies
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Yeh, Yu-Lyu; Li, Ming; Kwok, Oi-Man; Ma, Ping; Chen, Lei-Shih – Health Education & Behavior, 2022
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer for Chinese Americans. Family history (FH) plays an important role in clinical practice for CRC prevention. Nevertheless, Chinese Americans' FH of CRC communication with primary care physicians (PCPs) are still unknown. Aims: This study examined Chinese Americans' behavior and the…
Descriptors: Chinese Americans, Cancer, Heredity, Primary Health Care
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Jenkins, Laura; Parry, Ruth; Pino, Marco – Applied Linguistics, 2021
As the main symptom in palliative care, pain requires careful assessment. Repeating patient answers is one recommended communication technique for helping convey to patients that they have been heard, and to encourage them to say more. We examined 23 episodes where experienced doctors repeat patients' answers with mirrored rhythm and…
Descriptors: Patients, Interpersonal Communication, Discourse Analysis, Pain
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Cianciolo, Anna T.; Mitzelfelt, Jordon; Ghareeb, Allen; Zahid, Mohammad Faizan; Akbar, Rozmeen; Ghias, Kulsoom – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2021
Theoretical understanding of what motivates clinician researchers has met with some success in launching research careers, but it does not account for professional identification as a factor determining sustained research engagement over the long-term. Deeper understanding of clinicians' research-related motivation may better foster their…
Descriptors: Physicians, Researchers, Professional Identity, Motivation
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Camilleri, Adrian R.; Sah, Sunita – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2021
The status quo bias (SQB) is the tendency to prefer the current state of affairs. We investigated if experts (physicians) fall prey to the SQB when making decisions in their area of expertise and, if so, whether the SQB is reduced or amplified for experts compared to non-experts. We presented 302 physicians and 733 members of the general…
Descriptors: Bias, Physicians, Decision Making, Medical Services
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Asfour, Sara; Grad, Roland; Luctkar-Flude, Marian – Education for Information, 2020
The cancer survival rate has increased and family physicians (FPs) follow cancer survivors who experience long-term problems. Clinical practice guidelines outline best practices in cancer survivor care, but most FPs are unaware of this information. Little is known about specific barriers to survivorship guideline implementation in primary health…
Descriptors: Barriers, Guidelines, Cancer, Physicians
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Oosterveld-Vlug, Mariska; Oldenkamp, Marloes; Mastebroek, Mathilde; Boeije, Hennie – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2021
Background: People with intellectual disabilities often have low health literacy as a result of their limited language comprehension. The aim of this study was to explore the difficulties Dutch people with intellectual disabilities experience during the process of considering and seeking medical help from their GP. The study was intended as input…
Descriptors: Barriers, Mild Intellectual Disability, Help Seeking, Access to Health Care
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Manja, Veena; Monteiro, Sandra; You, John; Guyatt, Gordon; Lakshminrusimha, Satyan; Jack, Susan M. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Although incorporating cost-considerations during healthcare decision-making is increasingly important to American patients and physicians, content related to these constructs is not routinely included in medical education. As a result, physicians are ill-equipped to consider costs. This study sought input from practicing physicians on perceived…
Descriptors: Values, Costs, Decision Making, Medical Education
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McMahon, Jenny; McGannon, Kerry R. – Sport, Education and Society, 2020
Sociological investigations into the athlete-medical practitioner relationship are scarce due to medical bias for positivist epistemologies. The aim of this research was to identify the scope and purpose of medical interventions for four athletes, within the context of social processes that enable medicine to claim athletic bodies as objects of…
Descriptors: Athletes, Physicians, Physician Patient Relationship, Intervention
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Zayapragassarazan, Z. – Online Submission, 2021
Behavior, social, psychological, and biological factors affect health and disease. It is widely recognized that behavioral and social sciences should become an integral part of medical training. Integrating behavioral and social science into the curriculum is a key issue emphasized in many research. Despite the critical role of behavior and social…
Descriptors: Medical Education, Health Sciences, Curriculum Development, Foreign Countries
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Stolt, Minna; Gattinger, Heidrun; Boström, Carina; Suhonen, Riitta – Health Education Journal, 2020
Objective: The aim of this scoping review was to examine educational foot health interventions tested with patients and healthcare professionals, with the ultimate goal of improving the quality of foot healthcare by identifying effective educational interventions for foot health. Design: Scoping review. Method: Three electronic databases…
Descriptors: Human Body, Health Education, Intervention, Patients
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Chin-Yee, Benjamin; Messinger, Atara; Young, L. Trevor – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Medicine in the twenty-first century faces an 'identity crisis,' as it grapples with the emergence of various 'ways of knowing,' from evidence-based and translational medicine, to narrative-based and personalized medicine. While each of these approaches has uniquely contributed to the advancement of patient care, this pluralism is not without…
Descriptors: Medicine, Philosophy, Medical Services, Physician Patient Relationship
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Lee, Linda; King, Gillian; Freeman, Thomas; Eva, Kevin W. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Many models of safe and effective clinical decision making in medical practice emphasize the importance of recognizing moments of uncertainty and seeking help accordingly. This is not always done effectively, but we know little about what cues prompt health professionals to call on resources beyond their own knowledge or skill set. Such…
Descriptors: Cues, Physicians, Self Management, Help Seeking
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Gelfand, Scott D. – Research Ethics, 2019
In this essay, I suggest that a slightly modified version of Freedman's formulation of the clinical equipoise requirement is justified. I begin this essay with a brief discussion of the equipoise requirement. In the second and third sections, I discuss several objections to the clinical equipoise requirement as well as two attempts to justify the…
Descriptors: Ethics, Medical Research, Physician Patient Relationship, Parent Child Relationship
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