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Marwick, Helen; Jarvie, Karena; Cowie, Hilary; Johnston, Lorna; Hammond-Evans, Nicola; Cockayne, Rachael – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
A repeated measures single subject design was used to examine the effectiveness of a joint play approach embedded in professional practice, in supporting pretend play for autistic children. Seven autistic children, aged 5-8 years, with a placement within a specialist educational provision, and who demonstrated restricted play, participated in…
Descriptors: Play, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Program Effectiveness
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St. John, T.; Estes, A.; Begay, K. K.; Munson, J.; Reiter, M. A.; Dager, S. R.; Kleinhans, N. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Children with sensory abnormalities (SAs) have a variety of social problems resulting in poorer social functioning than children with typical development (TD). We describe the relationship between SAs and social functioning in school-age children with SAs, children with TD and a clinical comparison sample of children with autism spectrum disorder…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Sensory Experience
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Andreo-Martínez, Pedro; Rubio-Aparicio, María; Sánchez-Meca, Julio; Veas, Alejandro; Martínez-González, Agustín Ernesto – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Previous studies have reported dysbiosis in the gut microbiota (GM) of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), which may be a determining factor on child development through the microbiota-gut-brain axis. However, it is not clear if there is a specific group of dysbiotic bacteria in ASD. The aim of this study was to carry out a…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Microbiology
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Thomas, Louisa; Lockwood, Patricia L.; Garvert, Mona M.; Balsters, Joshua H. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Neuroeconomics paradigms have demonstrated that learning about another's beliefs can make you more like them (i.e., contagion). Due to social deficits in autism, it is possible that autistic individuals will be immune to contagion. We fit Bayesian computational models to a temporal discounting task, where participants made decisions for themselves…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Relationship, Values, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Soroor, Golnoosh; Mokhtari, Setareh; Pouretemad, Hamidreza – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
We investigated (1) if the perceptual integration performance is different in children with ASD in comparison with their typically developed (TD) counterparts; and (2) if activating--priming--the global processing strategy, could benefit the integration performance of children with ASD in the subsequent task. We observed that in comparison with…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Perception
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Song, Wei; Shea, Lindsay; Nonnemacher, Stacy L.; Brusilovskiy, Eugene; Townley, Greg; Salzer, Mark S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Little research has examined the full-range of participation among adults on the autism spectrum. The current study addresses this knowledge gap by comparing the frequency, importance, breadth, and sufficiency of participation between autistic adults and adults in the general population. Autistic adults participated less, had fewer areas that were…
Descriptors: Community Involvement, Comparative Analysis, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Johnson, Karen R. – New Horizons in Adult Education & Human Resource Development, 2022
An increasing number of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are pursing postsecondary degrees; however, the employment rate for this population is unacceptably low because of the range of deficit in behavioral, communication, and social skills that are crucial for effective functioning on the job. Although individuals with ASD have…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Employment Opportunities, Competence
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Tavares, Vânia; Fernandes, Luís Afonso; Antunes, Marília; Ferreira, Hugo; Prata, Diana – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Functional brain connectivity (FBC) has previously been examined in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) between-resting-state networks (RSNs) using a highly sensitive and reproducible hypothesis-free approach. However, results have been inconsistent and sex differences have only recently been taken into consideration using this approach. We estimated…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences
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Huang, Yunhe; Arnold, Samuel R. C.; Foley, Kitty-Rose; Trollor, Julian N. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Pathways to diagnosis in adulthood are poorly understood. Even less is known about undiagnosed adults who believe they may be autistic. This mixed-methods online survey examined adults' journeys from initial concern to receiving the diagnosis. Quantitative findings showed the diagnostic process to be highly heterogeneous. Qualitative analysis…
Descriptors: Adults, Clinical Diagnosis, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Wong, Kay H. Y.; Lee, Kathy Y. S.; Tsze, Sharon C. Y.; Yu, Wilson S.; Ng, Iris H. -Y.; Tong, Michael C. F.; Law, Thomas – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
This study examined the early pragmatic language skills in typically developing (TD) preschool-age children, children with language impairment (LI) and children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Two hundred and sixty-two TD children, 73 children with LI, and 16 children with ASD were compared on early pragmatics through direct assessment (DA).…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Preschool Children, Language Impairments, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Vivanti, Giacomo; Messinger, Daniel S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
The purely descriptive definition of autism introduced by the DSM III in 1980 marked a departure from previous DSM editions, which mixed phenomenological descriptions with psychoanalytic theories of etiology. This provided a blank slate upon which a variety of novel theories emerged to conceptualize autism and its treatment in the following four…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Theories, Etiology
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Thorsen, Morten; Bilenberg, Niels; Thorsen, Lena; Michel, Tanja Maria – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Oxidative stress has been proposed as being important in the pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and heightened levels of oxidative stress has found in children with ASD. Our aim was to investigate, whether this change is temporary or persist into adulthood. We included 89 adult patients with ASD and sex and age matched controls.…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Physiology
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Ward, Emma K.; Buitelaar, Jan K.; Hunnius, Sabine – Developmental Science, 2022
Predictive Processing accounts of autism claim that autistic individuals assign higher precision to their prediction errors than non-autistic individuals, that is, autistic individuals update their predictions more readily when faced with unexpected sensory input. Since setting the level of precision is a fundamental part of perception and…
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Preschool Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Guan, Joseph; Blanchard, Ashley; DiGuiseppi, Carolyn G.; Chihuri, Stanford; Li, Guohua – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Recent research indicates that children with autism are at increased risk of maltreatment. We examined news media reports on homicide incidents involving children with autism as victims in the United States between 2000 and 2019. Of the 52 victims studied, 47 (90.4%) were male. Age of victims ranged from 2 to 20 years (mean = 10.4 ± 5.3 years).…
Descriptors: Homicide, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Hayashi, Masaharu; Mishima, Kazuo; Fukumizu, Michio; Takahashi, Hiroyuki; Ishikawa, Yuko; Hamada, Izumi; Sugioka, Hideyuki; Yotsuya, Osamu; Yamashita, Yushiro – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Robust clinical evidence has not been available for melatonin, a drug commonly administered for treating sleep problems of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In a phase 3 randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial, we administered 1-mg melatonin (n = 65), 4-mg melatonin (n = 65), or placebo (n = 66) to 196 children with ASD once…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Drug Therapy, Children
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